What is pelvic inflammatory disease?
- Pelvic inflammatory disease is a progressive infection of the fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix and/or ovaries.
- Most girls develop PID from Sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
What are the symptoms of PID?
Symptoms can range from none to severe.
The symptoms include :
- Pain in the lower abdomen.
- Large amount of foul smelling or abnormal colored vaginal discharge.
- Pain during sexual intercourse.
- Heavier menses with more pain.
- Intermenstrual bleeding (bleeding in between periods).
- Chills, fever and vomiting.
- Increased tiredness.
- Loss of appetite.
- Painful or more frequent micturation.
What can happen if you get PID?
- It can cause widespread scarring leading to infertility.
- If one gets pregnant, the scarring can lead to an ectopic pregnancy (i.e. a pregnancy with the fetus outside the uterus).
- It can lead to a tubo-ovarian abscess (a collection of pus in the ovaries and Fallopian tubes).
How is PID diagnosed and treated?
- You have to undergo a pelvic examination and have swabs taken.
- A pregnancy test is also done.
- An ultrasound will also be needed to diagnose PID.
- You will be given antibiotics for a few weeks.
- You must complete the whole course of antibiotics or the infection might recur.
- If you have severe symptoms, you might need to be admitted for a few days for intravenous antibiotics.
- Your partner may also need treatment.
How can you prevent PID?
- The best way is to avoid sex
- If you are below 16 years old, having sex is illegal unless you are married.
- The Malaysian law states that consensual sex with girls below 16 years old will lead to the male being charged with statutory rape.
- If you are sexually active, practice safe sex.
- Be loyal to one partner. Avoid multiple partners.
- Use condoms. However condoms are not 100% effective in preventing PID but are able to reduce the risk of transmission.
- Avoid taking alcohol or drugs that can impair your judgement.
|Last Reviewed||:||28 August 2020|
|Writer||:||Dr. Hargeet Kaur a/p Basant Singh|
|Reviewer||:||Dr. Nazhatussima bt. Suhaili|