Fever is body normal reaction towards infection and other illnesses. It is not a disease but a symptom. Normal body temperature is between 36.5ºC-37.5ºC. Above this is fever. Indicating a viral or bacterial infection. It can also indicate chronic disease or any immunological reaction.
Causes of Fever
- Viral infection causing common colds, sore throats and diarrhoea
- Bacterial infection example lung infection (pneumonia), tuberculosis (TB) and nerve infection (meningitis)
- Malaria/ dengue/ HIV
- Joint disease
Minor infections can resolve on its own due our competent immune system
Home management for fever are :
- Mild fever <38 ºC with no complications
- Drink water or fluids frequently to replenish lost fluids.
- Eat light, easily digested food such as soup
- Try a shower or sponge bath with tepid water may reduce the fever.
- Dress lightly, do not wrap with blanket as this will increase the fever.
- Tepid sponging over body parts example head, feet and abdomen with wet cloth
When to see a doctor?
If you have serious symptoms:
- If temperature >38ºC not improve with home treatment.
- History of recent traveling outside your country .
- Has other symptoms like rash, bleeding, fit, drowsy, breathless, joint pain or swelling
- Pain in the abdomen, eye or cheek bone.
- Has other illness such as diabetes mellitus and cancer.
- History of dengue at your housing area.
- Unable to take enough food and fluids.
- Painful and frequent urination or less amount.
- No improvement after 4 to 5 days.
- Fever still persistent despite home treatment.
- Fever associated with injury
- Avoid contact with someone who has fever with diagnosis of infectious disease example TB
- Practice good hygiene
- Take balance and healthy diet
- Avoid crowded areas example massive congregation and congested shopping areas
- Keep active with regular exercises
Frequently asked questions
How to measure body temperature?
- To be sure if you have a fever, measure your body temperature with a clinical thermometer, available from any pharmacy.
- Wash it with soap and water.
- Plaease read the information leaflet before using.
- Digital termometer is recommended as contrast for mercurial thermometer
- Ear probe thermometers can be used.
- Temperature color strips are not accurate and not advisable.
- John Murtagh’s General Practice, July 2015, Six Edition
|Last Reviewed||:||28 August 2020|
|Writer||:||Dr. Jamilah Abdullah|
|Reviewer||:||Dr. Nor Faizah bt. Ghazali|