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Dietary Management for Hypertension

Introduction

Dietary factors related to blood pressure

  • Salt / sodium
  • Body weight

Salt / Sodium

Excessive salt will increase your blood pressure.

Do no take more than 6 gram of salt per day (equivalent to 2 grams of Sodium or 1 teaspoon per day).

Different food contain different amount of salt.

Table of Salt Content of Food

Low
Moderate
High
Fruits Meat Flavouring agents

  • Soy sauce, sauce,soy paste (tauchu)
Vegetables Fish
Pure oil Egg
Natural fat Milk Extract

  • Vegetable (marmite) – Meat (Bovril).
Sugar
Plain flour
Rice Enhancers

  • Monosodium glutamate, – Flavouring cubes
White/ whole meal bread
Most cereals
Legumes Raising agents

  • Bicarbonate of soda, baking powder
Nuts
Dressing

  • Salad cream
  • Mayonnaise
Processed foods

  • tnned or canned foods
  • prepared breakfast cereals (ready -to-eat)
  • cheese packet soup
Preserved foods

  • salted fish / eggs
  • cured meat
  • sausages
  • beef patty
  • preserved vegetables / fruits
  • prawn paste (cencaluk / belacan)
  • anchovy paste (budu)

Enhancing food flavours

  • Use spices, herbs, garlic or onion.
  • Squeeze lemon juice into your soup instead of using salt.
  • Eat more natural and freshly prepared foods.

Lose Weight – Keeping Trim and Fit

  • Weight reduction has been shown to help reduce blood pressure in overweight patient.
  • You need to decrease your food intake based on Malaysian Dietary Guidelines. Do regular exercise.
Last reviewed : 19 April 2012
Writer : Norizan Mashttah bt. Mardan
Mahnon Suria bt. Mokhy
Siti Farrah Zaidah bt. Mohd Yazid
Junidah bt. Raib