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Confused

Introduction The elderly often gets confused very easily. Confusion can occur suddenly (acute) or gradually (chronic). Confusional state can be caused by: Direct insult or injury to the brain such as head trauma, cerebrovascular disease, tumour. Indirect causes can be due to physical illness, infection, metabolic disturbances, intoxication, toxic or …

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Anxiety

Definition Epidemiology There is a tendency for you to ignore the psychological symptoms of anxiety as you tend to focus on the physical complaints. Anxiety in the elderly is as common as in the young. 10% of the elderly has symptoms of anxiety. What brings out anxiety are the stresses …

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Abuse

Introduction Abuse of the elderly has emerged as an important and disturbing societal problem. Usually the frail and poor elderly are at higher risk of being abused. Abuse of elderly people is defined as the physical, sexual, psychological (emotional), social, financial maltreatment or other forms of abuse of an older …

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Other Needs

There are other needs that are important for the well being of your mental health and these are: Stigma The Oxford English dictionary describes ‘Stigma’ as a mark or token of infamy, disgrace, or reproach. The stigma may be against the old person (ageism) or it could be stigma against …

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Elderly Health Needs

Generally your basic needs can be simplified in the context of the daily living model in which the 12 basic activities of daily living [ADL] are listed. Together with other psychosocial needs, the highlighted needs are of concern because if met, they would enable you to be independent and could …

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Psychological Aspects

Introduction All of us go through the process of ageing. Growing old can be a pleasant experience. Successful ageing means preparing yourself for your later years so that you will have a happy, fulfilling and fruitful life. There are two aspects of successful ageing: Physical Personal hygiene Nutrition Fitness and …

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Depression

Introduction Depression is sadness. Sadness is a normal emotion when we encounter unhappy events. Depression becomes an illness if it is too severe or too prolonged until it interferes with our abilities to carry out normal daily activities. Depression is quite common. It is estimated about 30% of adult population …

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Schizophrenia

Introduction Schizophrenia is a brain disorder just like epilepsy, Dementia or Multiple sclerosis. It usually first appears in young people. It affect 1% of general population throughout the world. Signs and Symptoms Disturbance of thought. Delusions: A fixed, false beliefs not amenable to reasoning. For example belief that other people …

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Bipolar

Introduction Bipolar disorder is a condition where a person suffered from mood swing either low mood (depression) or elevated mood (manic). The person may also displays sign and symptom of psychosis for example delusion and hallucination. Signs and symptoms Depressive phase : Disturbance of Mood: Persistent sadness Disturbance of cognitive …

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Anxiety

Introduction “I am afraid when there is nothing to be afraid of. Suddenly I feel scare, my heart beat palpable, sweating and feel something bad going to happen to me? These phenomenons are common and it called anxiety. Anxiety is how we feel when under real or perceived threat. Signs …

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