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Orthopaedic

Bone Cancer

Introduction Introductory statement, definition & epidemiology There are more than 200 bones in the human body. It supports the body as a framework and also protects vital organs e.g. lung or heart. Primary bone cancer starts in the bone whereas secondary bone cancer starts from other parts of the body …

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Sport Injury

Introduction Introductory statement, definition & epidemiology Sports injuries are injuries that happen when playing sports or exercising. Some are from accidents. Others can result from poor training practices or improper gear. Some people get injured when they are not in proper condition. Not warming up or stretching enough before you …

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Heel Spur

Introduction The heel bone is the largest bone in the foot and absorbs the most amount of shock and pressure. A heel spur is a hook of bone that can form on the heel bone of the foot. Heel spurs are associated with plantar fasciitis. Heel spurs can cause extreme …

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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Introduction Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is due to excessive repetitive movements of the arms, wrists or hands. These excessive repetitive movements can cause injuries that could become chronic conditions. It is a common work-related injury. It is common because at work many people use forceful or repetitive hand movements. What is …

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Osteoporosis

Introduction Osteoporosis is defined as a systemic skeletal disease characterised by weak and brittle bone tissue, with a consequent increase in bone fragility and susceptibility to fracture. Sometimes the bones can become so brittle that activities like bending over, lifting a vacuum cleaner or coughing can cause a fracture. Osteoporosis …

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Bone Fracture

Introduction A fracture occurs when there is a crack or break in a bone. It occurs when the bone cannot withstand the pressure that is applied to it. What are the types of fractures? There are several types of fracture : Close fracture – fracture with no skin breakage or …

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Trigger Finger

Introduction Trigger finger is a condition when one of your finger catches in a bent position. Your finger may straighten with a snap. The snap is similar to a trigger being pulled and released. In severe cases of trigger finger, your finger may become locked in a bent position. It …

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Osteoarthritis

Introduction Osteoarthritis is a disease affecting the cartilage of a joint that is caused by injury or wear and tear of the joints over the years. It is the most common type of arthritis. Cartilage is the slippery tissue that covers the ends of bones in a joint. Healthy cartilage …

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Bone Healing

Introduction Like any other injured tissues in the body, an injured (fractured bone) can heal. Bone is unique as it can regenerate itself and forms new bone during the healing process. What are the steps in bone healing? There are 4 basic steps that are overlapping with each other when …

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