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Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)

What is PCR? Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a relatively fast and simple laboratory technique that can detect a nucleic acid fragment by the amplification of small segments of DNA. PCR is now a common and often necessary technique used in medical and biological research for a variety of applications …

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Itchy Eyes

Itchy eyes are a common ocular symptom. This symptom can be associated with eye redness, frequent eye rubbing, lid swelling, photophobia and blurred vision. The commonest causes of eye itchiness are allergic conjunctivitis, blepharitis and dry eye. Allergic conjunctivitis is an ocular surface allergic reaction towards an irritant substance called …

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High Myopia

Myopia is an eye condition where image can be seen clearly at near but blur at distance or in other words, people with myopia or nearsightedness have difficulty seeing distant objects but can clearly see objects that are near. Myopia or nearsightedness affects a significant number of people. But this …

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Lymphoma

Lymphoma is a cancer that stars in cells called lymphocytes, which are part of the body’s immune system. Like any other types of cancer, lymphoma are divided to certain subtypes, almost 35 of them had been identified, depending on types of the involved cells. The lymph system (also known as …

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Japanese Encephalitis (JE)

Introduction JE occurs in a number of countries in Asia and occasionally in Northern Queensland Australia, and East Rusia. The overall incidence of JE reported among people from nonendemic countries traveling to Asia is 1 case per 1 million travelers. However, expatriates and travelers staying for prolonged periods in rural …

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