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Disease

Alert Organisms

Introduction / Definition Alert organisms / condition is one of a specified list of microorganisms / infections, which on identification should be referred to the IPC Lead (Infection & Prevention Committee) to: Investigate possible healthcare associated infection Address possible ongoing transmission risks by advising on control measures Investigate as an …

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Cellulitis

What is cellulitis? How to differentiate cellulitis from erysipelas? Erysipelas and cellulitis are common bacterial skin infections. Cellulitis is a spreading infection of the skin extending to the deeper tissues, involving the subcutaneous tissues (fat and soft tissue layer). Erysipelas is a specific superficial form of cellulitis, affecting the upper …

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Dandruff

Dandruff is a common problem. In medical term, dandruff is called seborrhoeic dermatitis. Dandruff can affect any age group, but usually starts from adolescence. Patients who suffer from mental problems such as Parkinson’s disease, polio and paralysis; and patients with immune problems, such as HIV infection may suffer more. The …

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Vasculitis

Vasculitis is an inflammation of blood vessels. It can lead to thickening and narrowing of blood vessels which results in restriction of blood flow and finally causing organ and tissue damage. Any vessels in any part of the body can be affected by vasculitis. It can affect large arteries to …

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Cosmetic Contact Dermatitis

According to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), “cosmetic” means (1) articles intended to be rubbed, poured, sprinkled, sprayed on, introduced into, or otherwise applied to the human body or any part thereof for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness or altering the appearance, and (2) articles intended for use as …

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Irritant Contact Dermatitis

Allergic dermatitis is a form of exogenous dermatitis or eczema. Allergic dermatitis is divided to irritant contact dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis. As in allergic contact dermatitis, irritant dermatitis is also an itchy skin condition which occurs when the skin is in contact with irritants. The eczema is often well …

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Nickel Contact Dermatitis

Introduction Nickel allergy is one of the most common causes of allergic contact dermatitis. Nickel is usually found in metal product. Nickel allergy may develop after repeated or prolonged exposure to items containing nickel. The dermatitis (eczema) develops in areas where nickel-containing metal touches the skin. The affected areas become …

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Treatment Options for Psoriasis

The treatment of psoriasis should be based on shared decision between patients and their doctors. Patients should be given adequate information regarding their disease and current available treatment options. The goal of treatment is to improve and maintain patients’ quality of life through control of symptoms and signs of psoriasis. …

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Psoriatic Arthritis

Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is an inflammatory joint disease associated with psoriasis which is a skin disease. PsA affects women and men equally. PsA may occur in up to 30% of patients with psoriasis. Among Malaysian patients with psoriasis, approximately 15-20% have PsA1. The arthritis appears after the onset of skin …

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