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Disease

High Myopia

Myopia is an eye condition where image can be seen clearly at near but blur at distance or in other words, people with myopia or nearsightedness have difficulty seeing distant objects but can clearly see objects that are near. Myopia or nearsightedness affects a significant number of people. But this …

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Lymphoma

Lymphoma is a cancer that stars in cells called lymphocytes, which are part of the body’s immune system. Like any other types of cancer, lymphoma are divided to certain subtypes, almost 35 of them had been identified, depending on types of the involved cells. The lymph system (also known as …

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Japanese Encephalitis (JE)

Introduction JE occurs in a number of countries in Asia and occasionally in Northern Queensland Australia, and East Rusia. The overall incidence of JE reported among people from nonendemic countries traveling to Asia is 1 case per 1 million travelers. However, expatriates and travelers staying for prolonged periods in rural …

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Alert Organisms

Introduction / Definition Alert organisms / condition is one of a specified list of microorganisms / infections, which on identification should be referred to the IPC Lead (Infection & Prevention Committee) to: Investigate possible healthcare associated infection Address possible ongoing transmission risks by advising on control measures Investigate as an …

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Cellulitis

What is cellulitis? How to differentiate cellulitis from erysipelas? Erysipelas and cellulitis are common bacterial skin infections. Cellulitis is a spreading infection of the skin extending to the deeper tissues, involving the subcutaneous tissues (fat and soft tissue layer). Erysipelas is a specific superficial form of cellulitis, affecting the upper …

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Dandruff

Dandruff is a common problem. In medical term, dandruff is called seborrhoeic dermatitis. Dandruff can affect any age group, but usually starts from adolescence. Patients who suffer from mental problems such as Parkinson’s disease, polio and paralysis; and patients with immune problems, such as HIV infection may suffer more. The …

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Vasculitis

Vasculitis is an inflammation of blood vessels. It can lead to thickening and narrowing of blood vessels which results in restriction of blood flow and finally causing organ and tissue damage. Any vessels in any part of the body can be affected by vasculitis. It can affect large arteries to …

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Cosmetic Contact Dermatitis

According to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), “cosmetic” means (1) articles intended to be rubbed, poured, sprinkled, sprayed on, introduced into, or otherwise applied to the human body or any part thereof for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness or altering the appearance, and (2) articles intended for use as …

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Irritant Contact Dermatitis

Allergic dermatitis is a form of exogenous dermatitis or eczema. Allergic dermatitis is divided to irritant contact dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis. As in allergic contact dermatitis, irritant dermatitis is also an itchy skin condition which occurs when the skin is in contact with irritants. The eczema is often well …

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