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Drug Facts

Rotavirus Vaccine

Introduction: Importance of Vaccination Rotavirus is named because of its similarity in appearance to a wheel (rota means wheel in Latin) when viewed by electron microscopy. Rotavirus is the most common virus causing severe diarrhoea and vomiting that leads to severe body fluid loss among infants and young children throughout …

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Pneumococcal Vaccine

What are Pneumococcal Diseases? Pneumococcal diseases are infections caused by the bacterium called Streptococcus pneumoniae infecting adults and children alike but it affects young children and the elderly more commonly. The bacterium can bring about different types of infections which include lung infections/inflammation (pneumonia), meningitis (inflammation of the membrane surrounding …

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Antihistamines in children

Introduction Antihistamines have been at the forefront of treatment for allergic condition for years because they work well to relieve symptoms of different types of allergies, including seasonal, indoor and food allergies. In children, antihistamines are among the most commonly prescribed medicines. Antihistamines are a group (class) of medicines used …

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Benefit and risk of painkiller

What is painkiller? Painkillers or analgesics are drugs designed specifically to relief pain. There are several types of analgesics available either through prescription or over the counter in multiple pharmaceutical dosage forms such as tablet, capsule, liquid, injectable, suppository or transdermal patch. Analgesics include paracetamol (also known as acetaminophen; commonly …

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ATT Vaccine

Introduction Tetanus is a disease caused by neurotoxin producing bacteria called Clostridium tetani. This bacteria are found everywhere in the environment, particularly in the soil of warm and moist areas. The bacteria can get into the body through broken skin, usually through injuries from contaminated objects such as nail and …

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ATT Vaksin

Pengenalan Tetanus (kancing gigi) merupakan penyakit yang disebabkan oleh racun neurotoxin yang dihasilkan oleh bakteria Clostridium tetani. Bakteria Clostridium tetani hidup di dalam persekitaran terutamanya di kawasan tanah yang panas dan lembap. Bakteria ini boleh memasuki badan melalui kecederaan kulit yang disebabkan objek yang tercemar seperti paku dan jarum. Berbeza …

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Medicines and parkinsons’ disease

What is Parkinson’s Disease? Parkinson’s disease is a group of conditions called motor system disorders. Four early symptoms are as follows: Tremor: shivering in the hands, arms, legs, jaw and face. Rigidity: stress or strain on the limbs and the back. Bradykinesia: slow movements. Postural instability: deterioration of balance and …

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