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Communicable Disease

Hand, Foot & Mouth Disease (HFMD)

What is HFMD?  Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is an infection caused by viruses from the enterovirus group which includes enteroviruses, coxsackie viruses, echoviruses and polioviruses. Among these viruses, enterovirus 71 (EV 71) and coxsackie virus A16 are the most common pathogens.  Who are at risk? Anyone can get …

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Tuberculosis (TB)

What is Tuberculosis?  TB is an infection caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is a contagious disease. TB bacteria spread from one person to another by air. Children are usually infected after inhaling the bacteria from an adult with TB of the lungs. Not every child becomes sick …

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Prevention After Contact With TB

Early identification of individuals infected by TB bacteria is important in preventing and controlling TB disease. Treatment given to individuals in the early phase of infection, called latent TB infection, can help to stop the infection from progressing.  What is Latent TB Infection (LTBI)?  TB is not uncommon in Malaysia. …

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Hepatitis B for Children

What is Hepatitis B? Hepatitis B is caused by Hepatitis B virus, HBV. The virus is found in blood and body fluids of infected persons, and is spread by direct contact with infected blood or body fluids (including semen, saliva, and fluid from wound). This happens by sharing needles and …

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Chickenpox

What is chickenpox infection? This is a common infection in children, caused by a virus. The chicken pox virus is also called varicella virus. It is the same virus that can cause shingles. It is a highly contagious disease spread from person to person. Infected persons develop fever and a …

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Mumps

What is mumps? Mumps is an illness caused by a virus. It typically causes painful swelling of the parotid glands (salivary glands located below the ear at the angle of the jaw). It is highly contagious and the virus spreads by droplets from the mouth, nose or throat when an …

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SARS

Pengenalan SARS telah dilaporkan di selatan China, tetapi pada masa ini terdapat juga laporan daripada kebanyakan Negara Asia, Eropah dan Australia. Pada Februari 2003, World Health Organization (WHO) mengumumkan jangkitan SARS yang pertama merebak dan ianya berakhir pada Julai 2003. Virus ini dikenali sebagai SARS – berkaitan dengan coronavirus yang …

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HIV/AIDS

What is HIV? HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a virus that damages the body’s immune system, making the infected person prone to various infections and cancers. AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is the advanced stage of HIV infection when the infected person develops a specific infection or when specific immune cells …

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Dengue Fever

Dengue fever is a viral disease spread by the bite of infected mosquitoes, Aedes aegypti. There are four types of viruses that cause dengue fever. Infection with one of these types of viruses provides protection to only that type for life, so persons living in a dengue-endemic area can have …

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Measles

What is measles? Measles (Rubeola) is an acute childhood infection caused by Measles virus. Infected persons will suffer respiratory symptoms and a rash. It is highly contagious and spreads by air through droplets from the mouth, nose or throat when an infected person speaks, coughs or sneezes. However, most children …

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