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Communicable Disease

Hand, Foot & Mouth Disease (HFMD)

What is HFMD?  Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is an infection caused by viruses from the enterovirus group which includes enteroviruses, coxsackie viruses, echoviruses and polioviruses. Among these viruses, enterovirus 71 (EV 71) and coxsackie virus A16 are the most common pathogens.  Who are at risk? Anyone can get …

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Tuberculosis (TB)

What is Tuberculosis?  TB is an infection caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is a contagious disease. TB bacteria spread from one person to another by air. Children are usually infected after inhaling the bacteria from an adult with TB of the lungs. Not every child becomes sick …

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Prevention After Contact With TB

Early identification of individuals infected by TB bacteria is important in preventing and controlling TB disease. Treatment given to individuals in the early phase of infection, called latent TB infection, can help to stop the infection from progressing.  What is Latent TB Infection (LTBI)?  TB is not uncommon in Malaysia. …

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Chickenpox

What is chickenpox infection? This is a common infection in children, caused by a virus. The chicken pox virus is also called varicella virus. It is the same virus that can cause shingles. It is a highly contagious disease spread from person to person. Infected persons develop fever and a …

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Mumps

What is mumps? Mumps is an illness caused by a virus. It typically causes painful swelling of the parotid glands (salivary glands located below the ear at the angle of the jaw). It is highly contagious and the virus spreads by droplets from the mouth, nose or throat when an …

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SARS

Pengenalan SARS telah dilaporkan di selatan China, tetapi pada masa ini terdapat juga laporan daripada kebanyakan Negara Asia, Eropah dan Australia. Pada Februari 2003, World Health Organization (WHO) mengumumkan jangkitan SARS yang pertama merebak dan ianya berakhir pada Julai 2003. Virus ini dikenali sebagai SARS – berkaitan dengan coronavirus yang …

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HIV/AIDS

Apa itu HIV? HIV (Virus Kurang Daya Tahan Melawan Penyakit) merupakan virus yang memusnahkan sistem imunisasi badan menyebabkan pesakit terdedah kepada pelbagai jenis penyakit dan kanser. AIDS (Sindrom Kurang Daya Tahan Penyakit Akut yang Teruk) merupakan peringkat meruncing yang mana pesakit yang dijangkiti HIV mula menunjukkan jangkitan yang khusus atau …

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HEPATITIS A

Apakah jangkitan Hepatitis A? Hepatitis adalah jangkitan atau radang pada hati. Banyak faktor yang boleh menyebabkan hepatitis berlaku daripada jangkitan virus ke ubat serta alkohol. Banyak virus yang boleh menyebabkan hepatitis sama ada secara langsung atau tidak langsung. Virus hepatitis pula memberi kesan yang besar ke atas hati. Terdapat beberapa …

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Measles

What is measles? Measles (Rubeola) is an acute childhood infection caused by Measles virus. Infected persons will suffer respiratory symptoms and a rash. It is highly contagious and spreads by air through droplets from the mouth, nose or throat when an infected person speaks, coughs or sneezes. However, most children …

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