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Boils

Introduction

Boils are one of the commonest skin infections in children.

What are boils?

Boils are pus-filled lesions that are painful. They are usually firm and located around the waist, face, back of the neck, upper legs, groin, buttocks and under the arm. Clusters of boils are called carbuncles but these lesions are not common in children.

What causes boils?

Boils are caused by bacterial in hair follicles and surrounding skin that initially appear as pustules. The most common bacteria responsible for boils is called Staphylococcus aureus.

Who is at risk of developing boils?

People who more likely to develop boils include those with :

  • Poor personal hygiene.
  • Crowded living environment such as welfare home and institutions.
  • Atopy (allergies).
  • Family members with recurrent skin infections.
  • Poor immune system.
  • Malnutrition.
  • Diabetes.

What are the symptoms and signs of boils?

The symptoms of boils may resemble other skin conditions and may include:

  • Pus in the center of the boil.
  • Whitish, bloody discharge from the boil.
  • Area of redness around the lesion.
  • Normally associated with pain as well as painful to touch.

How is it diagnosed?

The diagnosis of boils is usually made by the doctor on the basis of visual examination of the skin.

How are boils treated?

Specific treatment for boils will be determined by the doctor based on the child’s age, overall health and underlying medical illness. It also depends on the child’s tolerance to specific medications.

The treatment includes:

  • Topical antibiotics.
  • Used warm compress to promote drainage of the lesion.
  • Oral or injection of antibiotics to treat the infection depending on the severity.
  • Removal of the boils (incision and drainage).

Patient education is an important part of the treatment of any skin lesions.

How can boils be prevented?

  • Good personal hygiene.
  • Keep the skin clean.
  • Wash hand before touching the face.
  • Do not share towels or washcloths.

Avoid squeezing boils especially around mouth or nose because of the danger of spreading the infection into other parts of skin or bloodstream.

Prognosis

The prognosis for most boils is excellent.

Lasr reviewed : 27 April 2012
Content Writer : Dr. Norrashidah Hj. Abd Wahab
: Dr. Nor Mahani Harun
Reviewer : Dr. Sabeera Begum bt. Kader Ibrahim