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Norliza

Skin Whitening Products

Introduction Beauty is always being associated with fair, radiant and flawless skin. To achieve the desirable skin complexion, some spend a lot of money to try various skin whitening products in the market. It cannot be denied that there is high demand for such products among women regardless of their …

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Calcium (Oral)

Calcium is one of the important elements that our human body needs. It is essential for some physiological process in our body and calcium is important in building bones and teeth especially among growing children. Calcium absorbtion is facilitated by vitamin D3. Calcium intake without vitamin D3 will affect the …

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Mas Cotek

Mas cotek’s leaves and fruit (Courtesy from http://www.majalahsains.com/mas-cotek-tumbuhan-herba-ajaib/) Introduction Mas Cotek is a herbaceous plant used in Malay medicine. The scientific name of this plant is ‘Ficus Deltoidea’, known as Sempit-sempit in the state of Sabah, Sarawak and Kalimantan Islands. It is also known as ‘agoluran’ by certain ethnic groups …

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My dear, medicine is not a candy

Introduction Medicines are always being misunderstood by children as candies. The attractive shapes and colours of the medicines as well as childrens’ own curiosities may drive them to accidently consume the medicines. As a consequence, children might experince poisoining due to medicines consumption. According to World Health Organization (WHO), poisoning …

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Are you anaemic?

Definition Anaemia is a condition where the number of red blood cells (RBCs) or haemoglobin within those cells in the blood is lower than the normal range. Oxygen binds to haemoglobin, the main part of a red blood cell (RBC), and gets carried away from the lungs to other organs …

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Iodine Deficiency

Iodine deficiency, as the name suggests, is a lack of iodine — a micronutrient used by the body to produce thyroid hormones (thyroxine, triiodothyronine), which are necessary for normal growth, development and metabolism throughout life. Lack of iodine in diet is called Iodine Deficiency Disease (IDD). The body does not …

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G6PD Screening in newborn

Newborn screening for G6PD deficiency is performed routinely in Malaysia because of our high disease prevalence. The World Health Organization recommends screening all newborns in populations with a prevalence of 3 to 5 percent or more in males. Neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia (severe jaundice) incidence is twice that of the general population …

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HbA1c Test

Introduction Hemoglobin A1c test (HbA1c, A1c, or Hb1c) is used to determine the average concentration of glucose in the blood plasma. Hemoglobin is the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body. HbA1c is formed when glucose combines with the hemoglobin in red blood cells to form …

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Urine test strip

Definition Have you seen a doctor because of fever, having to urinate more often than usual, pain or burning during urination, frequent sensation of having to urinate, even when the bladder is empty, cramping and pressure in lower abdomen or lower back and foul smelling urine, cloudy or bloody urine? …

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Insulin Measurement

Introduction Insulin is a hormone secreted by the beta cells of the pancreas. Insulin is stored inside the beta cells of the pancreas which known as Islet of Langerhans. In our body, function of insulin are; Regulation the uptake and utilization of glucose Regulation protein synthesis and triglycerides storage Main …

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