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Suicide & Para suicide



Suicide is the act of intentionally taking ones life. When the act does not result in death, it is called Para suicide.

The rate of suicide varies across nation and culture. The World Health Organisation (WHO) estimated that about 1 million people died of suicide every year.

Typically males die 3-4 times more than females, even though females make more attempts.

Rates of suicide are also much higher among the elderly. Serious mental illness such as depression, schizophrenia and bipolar disorders also increase the rate of suicide. Among the elderly group, the association of physical illness such as cancer and arthritis; bereavement; social isolation and loneliness, recent hospitalization and anticipation of being sent to a nursing homes are significant causes.

How would you recognize which suicide attempts need to be taken more seriously

There are many clues that point to serious suicide attempt, but the American Association of Suicidology identified 3 warning signs of acute risk:

  • Someone wanting to hurt/ kill her/himself, or talking about it.
  • Someone looking for ways to kill/hurt oneself by seeking access to firearms or other means.
  • Someone writing or talking about death, dying or suicide when these actions are out of ordinary for the person.


Suicide leaves an impact on the family of those who committed suicide. It may leave them with a sense of guilt, anger and resentment. They may develop a prolonged grief reaction, major psychiatric illnesses such as depression and substance abuse and so on.


How can you help yourself if you developed suicidal feelings?

  • Learn some self-coping skills such as setting priorities; store away your medicines if you are thinking of taking overdose.
  • Talk with someone you can trust.
  • Be with people who are not depressed
  • Avoid alcohols and other drugs as it can affect your judgment
  • Get help from telephone counseling.
  • If all else failed, seek professional help as you may have an underlying serious major illness which require medication.

Can suicide be prevented?

There are certain strategies that you can use to prevent suicide:

  • Recognize the warning signs and take them seriously
  • Speaking openly about suicide and depression with your loved ones.
  • Actively seeking professional help.


Learn some stress management techniques

Support groups


Last Reviewed : 19 April 2012
Writer : Dr. Suraya Bt Yusoff
Reviewer : Dr. Hamdan Bin Buyong @ Abd. Rahman