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Psychological Aspects

Introduction

All of us go through the process of ageing. Growing old can be a pleasant experience. Successful ageing means preparing yourself for your later years so that you will have a happy, fulfilling and fruitful life.

There are two aspects of successful ageing:

  • Physical
    • Personal hygiene
    • Nutrition
    • Fitness and exercise
    • Elderly friendly environment
    • Managing illnesses
  • Psychosocial aspect

Image and attitude

  • Develop a positive attitude towards life.
  • Accept the changing roles.
  • Be active physically and intellectually.
  • Accept help when you need it but continue to manage your own life as far as you can.

Retirement And Finances

  • If you are still working you should start planning for your retiremen while you are still working.
  • It is never too late to take up a new hobby or a new career following your retirement.
  • Join in activities where your knowledge and experiences can be shared.
  • You may face some financial problems following retirement so save your money by doing a weekly budget or buying only the necessities.

Relationship

  • Children may leave home but you can preserve family ties by keeping frequent contact.
  • Look at your previous patterns of relationship with your family and find ways to preserve or improve them.
  • Try to improve communication with your family members.
  • Earn to make new friends with people in your community.

Recreation And Leisure

  • Take up new hobbies to fill up your time.
  • Join senior citizen clubs, community groups and voluntary bodies in your community to reduce isolation and loneliness.
  • Travel if you can afford.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Eat healthily.
  • Avoid smoking.

Spiritual And Religion

  • Learn more of your own religion.
  • Join the religious activities or groups in your community.

Sexuality

  • Do not feel guilty about wanting a sexual relationship at a late stage in life.
  • Practice safe sex.
  • Adjustment may need to be made to ensure sexual satisfaction.
  • Companionship may be more important to you than just a physical relationship.

Facing Death And Dying

  • You must be able to express your feelings when you experience the loss of someone close to you.
  • You must know when to get help from family and community if you feel that you cannot cope with your loss.
  • You must know when to confide in someone rather than withdraw into yourself.
  • Look at your past achievement as it may help you bring some self-satisfaction to you, regardless of how small or great it was.
Last Reviewed : 20 April 2012
Writer : Dr. Suraya binti Yusoff
  : Dr. Susy Mathew
  : En. Harol Hanam bin Muhammed Wahid
Reviewer : Dr. Lazli Bin Bakar