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Joints/Bone (+15)

Lymphatic Filariasis commonly known as elephantiasis is still a major public health problem. It was estimated that 120 million peoples in 80 countries has been infected with this parasite. One third of them stay in India, another third in Africa continents and the rest are from South East Asia, Asia ...
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Introduction Hemophilia is the blood clotting disorder caused by deficiency of clotting factor in the blood. Some study concluded that Hemophilia is one of hereditary genetic disorders. It can occur to anyone. Hemophilia is more likely to occur in males than females. Clotting factor is used to stop the bleeding ...
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Rheumatoid arthritis is an auto-immune disease which affects the musculoskeletal system causing inflammation of the joints. Patients complain of swelling, pain and stiffness of the joints. If the disease is not controlled, the joints can become deformed which may result in disability. The disease is not hereditary and commonly affects ...
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Introduction What is spinal cord injury? What are the problems to be encountered? What sort of rehabilitation appropriate? Will it heal? Problems and these problems often exist and generally, the lack of knowledge in regards to spinal cord injury has generated questions and problems arise in patient, family and community ...
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What is osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee? Osteoarthritis of the knee is reported to be a major health problem worldwide and the most common arthritis in Malaysia. What happens in knee Osteoarthritis? Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative arthritis caused by overstresses affecting the bone cartilage of the knee that ...
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Introduction Definition : Backache is pain or discomfort in the back, most commonly in the lower back region. Causes: There are many causes for backache. In about 75% of the cases the exact cause is not identifiable. As for the other 25% the causes may include:- Muscular Muscle sprain Muscle ...
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Introduction Although the term means joint inflammation, arthritis really refers to a group of more than 100 rheumatic diseases and conditions that can cause pain, stiffness and swelling in the joints. Examples include rheumatoid arthritis, gouty arthritis, septic arthritis etc. The two commonest forms are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. What ...
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Introduction Gout is a disease in which there is a build-up of uric acid in the body. Uric Acid is a waste product formed from the breakdown of certain proteins (called Purines). It is normally removed from the body by the kidneys. In gout, uric acid builds up and forms ...
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Introduction Introductory statement, definition & epidemiology There are more than 200 bones in the human body. It supports the body as a framework and also protects vital organs e.g. lung or heart. Primary bone cancer starts in the bone whereas secondary bone cancer starts from other parts of the body ...
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Introduction Introductory statement, definition & epidemiology Sports injuries are injuries that happen when playing sports or exercising. Some are from accidents. Others can result from poor training practices or improper gear. Some people get injured when they are not in proper condition. Not warming up or stretching enough before you ...
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Introduction The heel bone is the largest bone in the foot and absorbs the most amount of shock and pressure. A heel spur is a hook of bone that can form on the heel bone of the foot. Heel spurs are associated with plantar fasciitis. Heel spurs can cause extreme ...
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Introduction Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is due to excessive repetitive movements of the arms, wrists or hands. These excessive repetitive movements can cause injuries that could become chronic conditions. It is a common work-related injury. It is common because at work many people use forceful or repetitive hand movements. What is ...
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Introduction Osteoporosis is defined as a systemic skeletal disease characterised by weak and brittle bone tissue, with a consequent increase in bone fragility and susceptibility to fracture. Sometimes the bones can become so brittle that activities like bending over, lifting a vacuum cleaner or coughing can cause a fracture. Osteoporosis ...
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Introduction A fracture occurs when there is a crack or break in a bone. It occurs when the bone cannot withstand the pressure that is applied to it. What are the types of fractures? There are several types of fracture : Close fracture - fracture with no skin breakage or ...
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Introduction Trigger finger is a condition when one of your finger catches in a bent position. Your finger may straighten with a snap. The snap is similar to a trigger being pulled and released. In severe cases of trigger finger, your finger may become locked in a bent position. It ...
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Introduction A joint is formed by the ends of two or more bones which are connected by thick tissues. For example, your knee joint is formed by the lower leg bone, called the tibia or shin bone, and your thighbone, called the femur. Your hip is a ball and socket ...
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Introduction Osteoarthritis is a disease affecting the cartilage of a joint that is caused by injury or wear and tear of the joints over the years. It is the most common type of arthritis. Cartilage is the slippery tissue that covers the ends of bones in a joint. Healthy cartilage ...
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Introduction Like any other injured tissues in the body, an injured (fractured bone) can heal. Bone is unique as it can regenerate itself and forms new bone during the healing process. What are the steps in bone healing? There are 4 basic steps that are overlapping with each other when ...
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