What does child mental health mean?
Normal mental health in a child means he is being able to :
- Enter and sustain mutually satisfying personal relationships continuing progression of psychological development. Play and learn so that attainments are appropriate for age and intellectual level
- Develop normal sense of right and wrong
Psychological disorders among children range from 12% – 29% worldwide, and about 13% in Malaysia according to The National Health & Morbidity Survey, 1996.
What is normal psychosocial development?
Psychosocial development is a life long process, but tasks learnt in the first five years of life will shape the development. Development can be divided into:
- Cognitive (mental process) – understanding, calculating, reasoning, coordinating motor functioning, perception etc.
- Emotional – rapid development during pre-school. The tasks include :
- Recognizing the significance and types of emotions. Learning to control emotions
- Understanding the impact of emotions on behaviour
- Social – influenced by nature of attachment to the parents or primary care giver
- Moral – involving issues of right and wrong
What are a child’s mental health needs
Mental health needs are mainly in two areas:
- Basic Survival Needs
- Safety and Shelter
- Physical Care and
- Health Care
- Psychosocial And Spiritual Needs
- Faith in God
- Unconditional Love
- Security and stability
- Adequate stimulation and new experiences
- Positive supervised play
- Appropriate guidance
- Assertive and instructive discipline
- Predictable routine
- Positive parenting
If the basic needs are met, the child will develop positive self-esteem. If needs are not met mental health problems may result.
|Last Reviewed||:||20 April 2012|
|Writer||:||Dr. Baizury binti Bashah|
|Reviewed||:||Dr. Zarina Zainan Abidin|