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First Aid During a Seizure

First aid care may be required if the child has a violent or vigorous convulsive seizures. In such a seizure, the child rapidly loses awareness, and develops violent stiffening followed by vigorous jerking of the limbs.

Children rarely die from a seizure. A single seizure is not life threatening.

There is little you can do to stop the seizure, but you can follow the DOs and DON’Ts to help the child:


  1. Keep calm. Don’t panic
    • You need to think clearly to help the child.
  2. Pay attention and observe
    • What you observe during the seizure (sequence of events, posture, length of seizure)
  3. Prevent injury
    • Keep the child where he or she is
    • Only move them if they are in dangerous situations, like on a road, or in a high place
    • Do move things away from the child
  4. Slowly turn them over onto their sides
    • This helps to prevent them from choking on their saliva, or if they should vomit
  5. Be sensitive and supportive
    • Speak calmly and softly. Encourage onlookers not to crowd around the child


  1. Do not hold the person down.
    • Allow the seizure to take its course.
  2. Do not put anything into the mouth, like a spoon or key.
    • This is unnecessary and may cause injury to the mouth and tongue.
  3. Don’t give food, or medicines by mouth.
    • Wait until the seizure stops and the child awakens fully before offering food.
  4. Don’t perform CPR or mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.
    • The child is not going to stop breathing, or die from a brief seizure.

Allow the child to sleep after the seizure.

IMPORTANT : Seek medical help if the seizure lasts longer than 5 minutes.

Note :

If your child has recurrent, prolonged seizures, then your doctor may instruct you on the use of Rectal Diazepam during a seizure.

Last reviewed : 26 April 2012
Content Writer : Dr. Irene Cheah Guat Sim
  : Dr. Terrance Thomas
  : Dr. Umathevi Paramasivam
Reviewer : Dr. Nor Azni b. Yahaya