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Skin ( +23 )

Definition of Dandruff  Dandruff is a common scalp condition, characterised by scaling of the skin on the scalp. Although dandruff can cause itching of the scalp, not all itching in the scalp are due to dandruff. Definition of Fungal Infection of Scalp Fungal infection of the scalp is commonly  called ...
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What is cellulitis? How to differentiate cellulitis from erysipelas? Erysipelas and cellulitis are common bacterial skin infections. Cellulitis is a spreading infection of the skin extending to the deeper tissues, involving the subcutaneous tissues (fat and soft tissue layer). Erysipelas is a specific superficial form of cellulitis, affecting the upper ...
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Dandruff is a common problem. In medical term, dandruff is called seborrhoeic dermatitis. Dandruff can affect any age group, but usually starts from adolescence. Patients who suffer from mental problems such as Parkinson's disease, polio and paralysis; and patients with immune problems, such as HIV infection may suffer more. The ...
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Vasculitis is an inflammation of blood vessels. It can lead to thickening and narrowing of blood vessels which results in restriction of blood flow and finally causing organ and tissue damage. Any vessels in any part of the body can be affected by vasculitis. It can affect large arteries to ...
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What is stasis eczema? Stasis eczema is a type of skin disease which affects the leg. Either single or both legs can be affected. It usually occurs in older people, who have poor circulation, where the valves in the veins weaken and could not stop the backflow of blood. This ...
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What is acne? Acne is a skin condition where spots or bumps appear on the skin surface. This problem occurs when skin pores get clogged with oil and dead skin cells. Acne can be categorized from normal to severe.  Acne vulgaris including blackheads, white spots, papule, lymph and 'cyst' are ...
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Introduction Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS) is a potentially serious disease that affects the immune system and typically involves the skin and mucous membranes. Its severity can range from multiple discrete spots of rash on the skin or progress to a more confluent detachment of the skin.  The most severe form is ...
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Definition Melasma is a brown, tan or blue-gray discoloration on the face. It is most common in women 20 to 50 years of age. Men can also be affected. Cause Melasma is thought to be caused partly by sun exposure, genetic predisposition, and hormonal changes due to birth control pills, ...
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Introduction Fixed drug eruption (FDE) is a common presentation of drug allergy.  It usually appears abruptly (acute) within 30 minutes to 8 hours after taking a specific medication. Upon re-exposure to the causative medication, it will cause recurrence at the same sites and resolve spontaneously after a few days with ...
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What is hyperhidrosis? Hyperhidrosis or excessive sweating is a condition where there is sweating beyond the physiological need of the body. The sites most commonly affected are the palms (palmar hyperhidrosis), feet (plantar hyperhidrosis) and armpits (axillary hyperhidrosis). Hyperhidrosis is a fairly common condition which affects people of all races ...
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Athlete's foot is an infection of the toeweb spacescaused by fungus. The medical term is tinea pedis and it is usually a recurrent condition. Athlete's Foot is caused by various forms of fungi known collectively as dermatophytes or moulds. Closed, warm, moist environments are the perfect medium for the growth ...
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What is vitiligo? Vitiligo is a common skin disease affecting 0.5-2% of the population. It is characterized by well circumscribed, depigmented (white) macules and patches and is usually symmetrically distributed (Figure 1). Approximately half of the patients acquire the disease before the age of 20 years and about 1/3 have ...
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Introduction Tinea corporis is a skin disease due to infection of the skin by dermatophyte fungi. Dermatophytes are capable of colonizing keratinized tissue. Three generas of dermatophytes are Trichophyton, Microsporum and Epidermophyton. Apart from the skin, dermatophytic infections can also affect the hair and nails. The disease can be transmitted ...
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Introduction Shingles is also known as herpes zoster in the medical world. It is a disease of the nerve and skin caused by the varicella zoster virus (VZV). The main risk factors are: Increasing age (more than 50 years old) due to declining immune system and 2) Suppression of the ...
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What are warts? Warts are viral infection of skin caused by human papillomavirus. These viruses can spread to other parts of the body and to other people who have contact with the wart. What are the common types of warts? Common wart - small, hard, rough bump that usually occurs ...
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PSORIASIS

The treatment of psoriasis should be based on shared decision between patients and their doctors. Patients should be given adequate information regarding their disease and current available treatment options. The goal of treatment is to improve and maintain patients’ quality of life through control of symptoms and signs of psoriasis ...
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Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is an inflammatory joint disease associated with psoriasis which is a skin disease. PsA affects women and men equally. PsA may occur in up to 30% of patients with psoriasis. Among Malaysian patients with psoriasis, approximately 15-20% have PsA1. The arthritis appears after the onset of skin ...
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Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease where the skin grows much faster than normal skin. It is a non-contagious skin condition. The areas that are most commonly affected are the scalp, elbows and knees, forearm and shin but it can occur anywhere on the body including nails. The patient may also get arthritis ...
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CONTACT DERMATITIS

According to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), “cosmetic” means (1) articles intended to be rubbed, poured, sprinkled, sprayed on, introduced into, or otherwise applied to the human body or any part thereof for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness or altering the appearance, and (2) articles intended for use as ...
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Allergic dermatitis is a form of exogenous dermatitis or eczema. Allergic dermatitis is divided to irritant contact dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis. As in allergic contact dermatitis, irritant dermatitis is also an itchy skin condition which occurs when the skin is in contact with irritants. The eczema is often well ...
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Introduction Nickel allergy is one of the most common causes of allergic contact dermatitis. Nickel is usually found in metal product. Nickel allergy may develop after repeated or prolonged exposure to items containing nickel. The dermatitis (eczema) develops in areas where nickel-containing metal touches the skin. The affected areas become ...
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Allergic contact dermatitis is a type of exogenous dermatitis or eczema. This is an itchy skin condition which occurrs when the skin is in contact with a specific allergen and the skin develops an allergic reaction to the allergen. The skin will be inflamed with varying degrees of redness, oedema ...
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It is an inflammatory reaction of the skin caused by direct contact with haptens (allergens – allergic contact dermatitis) or irritants (irritant contact dermatitis) in the environment. The skin reaction will present itself as eczema or dermatitis ...
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PITYRIASIS VERSICOLOR

Ringworm or scientifically known as Tinea versicolor is a type of skin infection caused by fungi from the genus Malassezia ...
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It is a common superficial skin infection caused by yeasts of the genus Malassezia. The yeasts are usually found on ...
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