1. What is dandruff?
- Dandruff is a condition where there is excessive shedding of dead scalp skin
- Normal scalp skin renews itself about every 28 days
- In dandruff there is rapid turnover and renewal of the scalp skin that takes place about every 11 days
- Overgrowth of yeast-like fungus that lives on the scalp may cause or aggravate formation of dandruff
- Other factors that might contribute to development of dandruff are:
- Infrequent shampooing of the hair or inadequate rinsing of the scalp
- Excessive use of hair sprays and gels
- Improper use of hair coloring product
- Increased oil production
- Hormonal fluctuation
- Suppressed immune system
2. What are the symptoms?
- Itchy, scaling scalp
- Presence of white, oily looking flakes of dead skin on the hair and shoulders
- Presence of white, oily looking flakes on your clothing
3. How can one treat dandruff?
Use an anti-dandruff shampoo. Examples of anti-dandruff shampoo and their functions are:
- Zinc pyrithione shampoo helps reduce fungus
- Tar – based shampoo helps to slow cell turnover
- Salicylic shampoo helps to eliminate scale
- Selenium sulphide shampoo reduces cell turnover and controls growth of fungus
- Ketoconazole shampoo is a broad-spectrum antifungal agent
4. How can one prevent dandruff from occurring or recurring?
- Shampoo your hair regularly especially if you have an oily scalp
- Avoid frequent use of hairstyling products including :
- Hairsprays, styling gels and mousses which will make your scalp more oily
5. What are the other causes of excessive skin scaling?
|Simple dry skin||
|Last Reviewed||:||27 April 2012|
|Content Writer||:||Dr. Salmiah bt. Md. Sharif|
|Reviewer||:||Dr. Thiyagar Nadarajaw|