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Period (Menstrual Cycle)

Becoming a woman What is period? A period is also known as menses or menstruation. It shows that you are becoming a woman When it occurs, you will notice bleeding through the vagina. Periods occur differently from woman to woman. Each menses lasts for 3 – 7 days. The interval …

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Cow’s Milk Allergy

What is cow’s milk allergy (CMA)? Milk is made up of protein, sugar, fat, vitamins, minerals and water. In some children abnormal immunological reaction to cow’s milk protein occurs giving rise to a condition called cow’s milk allergy. How common is the problem? About 1% to 5% of infants are …

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Thalassemia

What is Thalassemia? The thalassemias are a group of disorders that prevent the body from producing a sufficient quantity of high quality blood. This condition is caused by changes to the genes that control the production of haemoglobin. Haemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen around …

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Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome

Introduction SARS was initially reported in southern China, but at this time there are reports from several regions including Asia, Europe and Australia. In February 2003, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced the first SARS outbreak, which ended in July 2003. A virus known as SARS-associated coronavirus causes the illness. …

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Enteroviral Infection in Children

Introduction Enteroviruses are a group of small viruses that are made of ribonucleic acid (RNA) and proteins. They belong to a family of viruses which include poliovirus (Type 1,2 & 3) and non polioviruses (Coxsackie A & B viruses, Echoviruses and other Enteroviruses). They can remain viable at room temperature …

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Mumps

What is mumps? Mumps is an illness caused by a virus. It typically causes painful swelling of the parotid glands (salivary glands located below the ear at the angle of the jaw). It is highly contagious and the virus spreads by droplets from the mouth, nose or throat when an …

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Recurrent Abdominal Pain

When is a child considered to have recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) in childhood?? Introduction Stomachache or abdominal pain is a common complaint among children. Abdominal pain by itself is not a disease but is a symptom of a variety of underlying disorders. If your child has repeated abdominal pains, he …

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Vomiting

What is vomiting? Vomiting is the emptying (expulsion) of the stomach contents through the mouth. Vomiting is not a disease but is a symptom of many types of diseases. In children, vomiting is usually self-limiting and not dangerous unless it is caused by a serious underlying disease. Are there various …

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Asthma

Introduction Childhood asthma is a common chronic respiratory condition affecting all age groups. It affects 10 -14% of school going children. However, there is evidence of asthma becoming more common and severe in younger age group children. Asthma attacks can range from mild to life threatening. It is also one …

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Sinusitis

What are sinuses? Sinuses are air-filled spaces in the skull which is lines by membranes. These membranes will produce a thin secretion to trap dirt particles and keep the nasal passages moist. What is sinusitis? Sinusitis is a condition where infection or inflammation of the membranes that line the sinuses …

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