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Menopause

What is menopause? Menopause means the cessation of menstruation (period) You can’t have children anymore Menstruation may suddenly cease, gradually decrease or irregular When does menopause occur? The usual age of menopause is between the ages of 45 and 55.The average age is around 50. Can menopause occur before the …

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Constipation

Introduction Constipation is when bowel movements become less frequent and difficult to pass stools. Constipation is a symptom, not a disease. Almost everyone experiences constipation at some point in their life, and a poor diet typically is the cause. Most constipation is temporary and not serious. Understanding its causes, prevention, …

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Back Pain

Introduction Low back pain is pain in the lower back. Almost everyone experiences low back pain at least once in their lives. With the exception of cold and flu symptoms, backache is one of the commonest reason people go to see their doctors. Who gets back pain? Low back pain …

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Flatulence

Introduction Flatulence is an act of passing or breaking wind. It happens when your body needs to get rid of the excess air that builds up from drinking and swallowing food and saliva. Flatulence can be embarrassing, but it is a common problem and affects everyone at all ages. On …

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Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding

What is abnormal vaginal bleeding? Bleeding from the vagina that is not part of your monthly periods (examples): Heavy bleeding Prolonged bleeding Associated with pain Bleeding with blood clots If you experience episodes of bleeding, ask yourself these questions : Am I pregnant? What is the pattern of the bleeding? …

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Headache

Introduction Headache is one of the most common conditions in Malaysia. It usually does not represent a serious illness. It can affect any age and nearly all of us have experienced headache. Even though it might not have a serious underlying cause, it can be quite painful and distrupt your …

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Rash

Introduction Healthy skin acts as a barrier. A rash indicates abnormal skin reaction. Causes of rash Soap, detergents, shampoos, perfumes, cosmetics or lotions Jewelry, studs in jeans, bra straps etc Insecticides, pesticides and fertilizer Poisonous plants Exposure to insects or parasites such as scabies mite Fabric New tools, toys, appliances …

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Normal Physical Changes

Introduction As people age, most people experience changes of their body functions in some way. This result from changes in individual cells and in body organs. These changes may result in changes in function, appearance and thus the experience of aging Some changes are obvious, for example, before age 50, …

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Diarrhoea

Introduction Diarrhea is defined as unusually frequent or excessive evacuation of loose watery faeces. Types Acute diarrhea commonest form self- limiting, short lived, lasting within days. Usually due to infection of food and drinks by bacteria, virus, parasite. Implicated food include chicken, sea food, milk and milk products other causes …

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Constipation

Introduction Constipation is defined as decrease in stool frequency, hard stool, difficulty in passing out feces and feeling of incomplete bowel evacuation. The overall prevalence of self reported constipation in the elderly is 24-37% and use of laxatives in them is 60%. Causes Age related changes Immobility such as bed …

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