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Signs & Symptoms

Thyroid

Introduction The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped which is located at the front of the neck , which is responsible for the production of thyroid hormones. The thyroid gland uses iodine (source obtained from the diet such as salt and seafood) in the production of thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormones are …

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Peptic Ulcer

INTRODUCTION Peptic ulcer is an ulcer either in the stomach or the first part of the small bowel called duodenum. Peptic ulcer is a common disease among Malaysians as well as the rest of the world. Commonly peptic ulcer will become chronic if it is not treated and may harm …

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Headache

Introduction Headache is one of the most common conditions in Malaysia. It usually does not represent a serious illness. It can affect any age and nearly all of us have experienced headache. Even though it might not have a serious underlying cause, it can be quite painful and distrupt your …

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Breathlessness (Shortness of Breath)

Introduction Breathlessness is a condition where someone experience difficulty in breathing and it usually more prominent when someone is doing any physical activities. Breathlessness could be acute or chronic : Acute breathlessness is when someone having sudden onset of difficulty in breathing and disappear few days after treatment. Chronic breathlessness …

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Tiroid

Pengenalan Tiroid merupakan kelenjar yang berbentuk rama-rama yang terletak di bahagian hadapan leher yang bertanggungjawab di dalam penghasilan hormon tiroid. Kelenjar tiroid menggunakan zat iodin (sumber yang diperolehi daripada diet pemakanan seperti garam dan makanan laut) dalam menghasilkan hormon tiroid. Hormon tiroid adalah amat penting dalam mengawal metabolisme dan fungsi …

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Anaemia

Introduction Anaemia is the most common disorder of blood which affecting about a quarter of people globally. Iron deficiency anaemia affects nearly 1 billion. It is more common in females, children, pregnant women and elderly. Anaemia increases costs of medical care and lowers a person’s productivity through a decreased ability …

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Aneamia

Introduction Anaemia is the most common disorder of blood which affecting about a quarter of people globally. Iron deficiency anaemia affects nearly 1 billion. It is more common in females, children, pregnant women and elderly. Anaemia increases costs of medical care and lowers a person’s productivity through a decreased ability …

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Varicose Veins

Introduction Varicose veins is a manifestation of chronic venous disease (CVD) and are characterized by tortuous, often palpable subcutaneous veins with reversed blood flow3. The condition can occur anywhere in the body where there is poor venous return; however, they are most often associated with the lower limb.2 (Figure 1) …

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Vena Varikos

Pengenalan Vena varikos adalah satu manifestasi penyakit pembuluh darah vena yang kronik. Penyakit ini dikenali dengan keadaan vena yang membengkak, berbelit dan mudah disentuh3. Keadaan ini boleh berlaku di mana-mana bahagian badan yang mengalami kemelesetan aliran vena; akan tetapi keadaan ini kerap melibatkan anggota kaki2. (Gambarajah 1) Gambarajah 1 Insidens …

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