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Biochemical Laboratory Tests

Urine Never Lies

Urine is liquid waste product produced by the kidneys, it is clear and sometimes yellow. Urine contain salts and other solutes such as urea and uric acid. Before we learn the secrets of urine, we should understand how urine is produced in our body. The diagram below shows the excretory …

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Thyroid Function Test

Thyroid gland is a lobular endocrine gland, typically with 2 lobes. It is butterfly-shaped and located at the neck below the larynx. Thyroid gland is made of follicles and each of these follicles is surrounded by a layer of follicular cells. The follicular cells function by producing thyroid hormones and …

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Carbohydrates

Introduction Carbohydrates are major constituents of physiological systems. The organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen [CxH2O)y]n, which along with lipids and proteins, provide energy and contribute to the structure of organisms. Complex carbohydrates are digested into simple sugars, principally glucose, which is used primarily as an energy source …

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Blood Gas Components

Definition Blood Blood is a body fluid with its main function is to transport important substances such as oxygen (O2) and carbon dioxide (CO2). Blood also provides tissues with nutrients, removes waste product, and contains a variety of substances aimed at the immune system defending the body from infection. Endocrine …

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