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Biochemical Laboratory Tests

Protein Electrophoresis

Defintion Protein electrophoresis is a process that separates proteins based on their size and electrical charge. This forms a characteristic pattern of bands of different widths and intensities on a test media and reflects the mixture of proteins present in the body fluid evaluated. For serum protein electrophoresis, the pattern …

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Lipid Profile

Introduction Lipids are biology molecules which not soluble in water but soluble in organic solvent. There are many type of lipids in our body with different functions. Only certain lipids are routinely analyse in Medical Laboratory which related to risk assessment and effectiveness of treatment related to cardiovascular disorder. Type …

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Kidney Function Test

Kidneys is the organ essential for all animate either human or animal. The main function of the kidneys is to excrete toxic waste found in our blood through the removal of urine. Kidneys need to function properly to guarantee perfect body health. Diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure can …

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Are you anaemic?

Definition Anaemia is a condition where the number of red blood cells (RBCs) or haemoglobin within those cells in the blood is lower than the normal range. Oxygen binds to haemoglobin, the main part of a red blood cell (RBC), and gets carried away from the lungs to other organs …

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Iodine Deficiency

Iodine deficiency, as the name suggests, is a lack of iodine — a micronutrient used by the body to produce thyroid hormones (thyroxine, triiodothyronine), which are necessary for normal growth, development and metabolism throughout life. Lack of iodine in diet is called Iodine Deficiency Disease (IDD). The body does not …

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G6PD Screening in newborn

Newborn screening for G6PD deficiency is performed routinely in Malaysia because of our high disease prevalence. The World Health Organization recommends screening all newborns in populations with a prevalence of 3 to 5 percent or more in males. Neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia (severe jaundice) incidence is twice that of the general population …

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HbA1c Test

Introduction Hemoglobin A1c test (HbA1c, A1c, or Hb1c) is used to determine the average concentration of glucose in the blood plasma. Hemoglobin is the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body. HbA1c is formed when glucose combines with the hemoglobin in red blood cells to form …

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Urine test strip

Definition Have you seen a doctor because of fever, having to urinate more often than usual, pain or burning during urination, frequent sensation of having to urinate, even when the bladder is empty, cramping and pressure in lower abdomen or lower back and foul smelling urine, cloudy or bloody urine? …

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Myth of Blood Donation

Introduction Blood is a major body fluid that maintains life. It makes up about 7% of the human body weight. Blood plays important roles in carrying nutrient, electrolytes, hormones, antibodies, oxygen and others throughout the body. Blood comprises different components such as white blood cells, red blood cells, platelets and …

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