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Introduction Heartburn is caused by stomach acids irritating the lower part of the esophagus. Heartburn happens when the valve at the top of your stomach called the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) doesn’t close. These acids then enter the esophagus, which does not have the resistant stomach lining that would protect …

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Introduction Commonly known as the flu It is caused by influenza virus (A ,B and C). Strains of influenza virus that cause the flu may differ from year to year. The common contagious diseases in humans and responsible for outbreaks that occur yearly. Influenza virus attacks the airways (respiratory tract) …

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Chest Pain

Introduction Pain or discomfort -abnormal sensation such as ‘gas’, ‘indigestion’, ‘fullness’, ‘pressure’, ‘tightness’ or ‘heaviness’. Chest pain refers to pain over the chest, upper abdomen and it includes radiating pain to the upper back, throat, jaw, shoulders and arms. Chest pain is considered a serious condition as it may result …

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Joint Pain

Introduction Joints in the human body are situated along the back from the base of the neck to the sacrum (spine) and other parts of the body (shoulders, elbows, wrists, hips, knees, ankles and small joints of hands and feet). A joint is formed where two or more bones meet …

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Introduction Cough is a protective reflex to remove foreign material and germs in order to protect your airway from infections or irritant going down into your lungs causing serious illness such as pneumonia. This reflex produces mucus or phlegm. Causes of cough Viral illness such as common cold (flu), influenza …

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Introduction Fever is body normal reaction towards infection and other illnesses. It is not a disease but a symptom. Normal body temperature is between 36.5ºC-37.5ºC. Above this is fever. Indicating a viral or bacterial infection. It can also indicate chronic disease or any immunological reation. Causes of Fever Viral infection …

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