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PRIME YEARS

Hepatoma (Kanser Hati)

Pengenalan Hepatoma atau kanser hati adalah salah satu kanser yang semakin ketara hasil daripada program penyaringan kesihatan yang lebih terperinci dalam masa-masa kebelakangan ini. Hepatoma telah di kenal pasti sebagai penyebab kematian bagi 250,000 hingga 1,000,000 individu pada setiap tahun di seluruh dunia. Mengikut kajian, hepatoma menduduki tangga ketiga bagi …

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Diabetic Retinopathy

What is diabetic retinopathy? Diabetic retinopathy is retinopathy (damage to the retina) caused by complications of diabetes.Diabetic retinopathy occur as a result of weakness of the blood vessels causing leakage of lipid content and occlusion of capillaries. Ii can cause poor vision which eventually lead to blindness. Diagram showing retinal …

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Retinopati Diabetik

Apa itu retinopati diabetik? Retinopati diabetic ialah retinopati (kerosakan pada retina) yang disebabkan oleh komplikasi penyakit Diabetes. Retinopati dibetik terjadi akibat dinding salur darah yang lemah, menyebabkan berlaku kebocoran lemak dan penyumbatan kapilari. Ia boleh menyebabkan penglihatan mata merosot dan seterusnya buta. Gambarajah menunjukkan perubahan retina pesakit yang menghidap retinopati …

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Difficulty of Swallowing

Introduction Difficulty when swallowing is the sensation that food is stuck in the throat or upper chest. This may be felt behind the breastbone (sternum) or in the neck (high or lower down). It also causes impaired swallowing. Swallowing is a complex activity that involves the mouth, throat area, and …

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Backache

Introduction Definition : Backache is pain or discomfort in the back, most commonly in the lower back region. Causes: There are many causes for backache. In about 75% of the cases the exact cause is not identifiable. As for the other 25% the causes may include:- Muscular Muscle sprain Muscle …

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Drug Allergy

Introduction Allergic reaction is an uncommon and unwanted side effect of medication. Several different types of allergic reactions can occur. Reactions to drugs range from a mild localized rash to serious effects on vital systems. The allergic response can affect many organ systems, but the skin is the most frequently …

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Flatulence

Introduction Flatulence is an act of passing or breaking wind. It happens when your body needs to get rid of the excess air that builds up from drinking and swallowing food and saliva. Flatulence can be embarrassing, but it is a common problem and affects everyone at all ages. On …

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Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding

What is abnormal vaginal bleeding? Bleeding from the vagina that is not part of your monthly periods (examples): Heavy bleeding Prolonged bleeding Associated with pain Bleeding with blood clots If you experience episodes of bleeding, ask yourself these questions : Am I pregnant? What is the pattern of the bleeding? …

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