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PRIME YEARS

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is an auto-immune disease which affects the musculoskeletal system causing inflammation of the joints. Patients complain of swelling, pain and stiffness of the joints. If the disease is not controlled, the joints can become deformed which may result in disability. The disease is not hereditary and commonly affects …

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Tiroid

Pengenalan Tiroid merupakan kelenjar yang berbentuk rama-rama yang terletak di bahagian hadapan leher yang bertanggungjawab di dalam penghasilan hormon tiroid. Kelenjar tiroid menggunakan zat iodin (sumber yang diperolehi daripada diet pemakanan seperti garam dan makanan laut) dalam menghasilkan hormon tiroid. Hormon tiroid adalah amat penting dalam mengawal metabolisme dan fungsi …

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Standard Operation Procedure in Laboratory

Introduction Assisted reproductive technology (ART) are methods used to achieve pregnancy. It is reproductive technology used primarily for infertility treatments (also known as fertility treatment).Examples of ART include in vitro fertilization (IVF), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), cryopreservation and intrauterine insemination (IUI).IVF and ICSI are currently used to treat many fertility problems including unexplained infertility, male infertility and failure of conventional treatment. There …

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Human Embryo Banking

Introduction     Embryo cryopreservation or embryo banking is a method used to preserve embryos by cooling and storing them at low temperatures (-196oC) in liquid nitrogen. Embryos can be thawed at a future date and transferred to the uterus, providing additional opportunity for achieving conception.   History             The era of successful …

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Sperm Cryopreservation

Definition Sperm cryopreservation (commonly called sperm banking or sperm freezing) is a procedure to preserve sperm cells. Sperm Cryopreservation is available for men who wish to bank sperm for future use. In Hospital Kuala Lumpur, sperm cryopreservation is done for Oncology patient, Neurology patient, as a back up for Assisted …

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Testicular Sperm Extraction (TESE)

Testicular sperm extraction (TESE) is the process of removing a small portion of tissue from the testicle under local anesthesia and extracting the few viable sperm cells present in that tissue for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). The testicular sperm extraction process is recommended to men who cannot produce sperm by ejaculation due to azoospermia. Schoysman R,at al 1993, first demonstrated …

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Seminal Fluid Analysis (SFA)

Introduction Semen analysis is usually performed to help determine why a couple is having difficulty conceiving, as it is the easiest screening to evaluate male fertility. SFA is also performed to follow the course of a treatment affecting testicular or accessory gland function, or following vasectomy. Despite this important initial …

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Causes of acne

What is acne? Acne is a skin condition where spots or bumps appear on the skin surface. This problem occurs when skin pores get clogged with oil and dead skin cells. Acne can be categorized from normal to severe.  Acne vulgaris including blackheads, white spots, papule, lymph and ‘cyst’ are …

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Bacteria vs Virus

Introduction Bacteria and viruses are parts of medical importance microorganism. Bacteria and viruses cannot be seen by naked eyes. There are some useful and harmful bacteria, but almost all viruses are harmful to human. What is bacteria? Bacteria are single cells microorganism and found everywhere, including human’s body. Bacteria visible …

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