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Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)

What is PCR? Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a relatively fast and simple laboratory technique that can detect a nucleic acid fragment by the amplification of small segments of DNA. PCR is now a common and often necessary technique used in medical and biological research for a variety of applications …

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Floods And Risk Of Disease

Floods Floods is an overflowing of water onto land which is normally dry. Floods are one of the phenomenon that often occurred in the country. Floods often happen every year from September to February in the states of Malaysia, mostly due to heavy rains. Floods can leave some side effects …

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Safe Home Delivery

Childbirth or delivery is the process that occurs at the end of pregnancy with the expulsion of a foetus, its membranes and placenta from the mother’s uterus. It usually starts with regular continuous contraction causing the opening of cervical os. The process of normal childbirth is categorised into the three …

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Postnatal Care At Home

Postnatal period is the time occurring after birth until the genital tract and uterus have returned to normal. It starts from the expulsion of the placenta (the third phase of childbirth) until the last 42 days, also known as the period of confinement. Some hormonal changes during the postnatal period …

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Screening for Chromosomal Anomalies

Why is screening for chromosomal anomalies needed? The vast majority of pregnancies result in the delivery of a healthy baby, however a small percentage may have problems affecting the baby’s development. One of the causes for these problems included chromosomal anomalies. Chromosomal anomalies are diseases or syndromes that develop as …

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Thalassemia in Pregnancy

Screening for Thalassemia Thalassaemia is the most common genetic disorder in the world, with around 250 million people, 4.5 percent of the world population, affected by the fatal disease. As 2010, Malaysia registered 4,768 people as Thalassaemic which required regular blood transfusion. And 5% of its population are carrier. Thalassemia …

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