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PRIME YEARS

Creatinine Clearance Test

Definition Creatinine is a metabolic product of creatine and phosphocreatine, which are found in muscle and daily production is relatively constant. A small amount creatinine is derived from meat in the diet. Creatinine is transported through the bloodstream to the kidneys. The kidneys filter out most of the creatinine and …

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Amphetamine Type Stimulants (ATS)

What are Amphetamine Type Stimulants? Amphetamine Type Stimulants (ATS) are synthetic drugs that are created by processing chemical ingredients. They refer to a group of drugs that have a common phenethylamine structural backbone and include drugs such as amphetamine, methamphetamine, 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) and 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). ATS come in several varieties …

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Oocyte Identification(Oi)

Introduction Oocyte identification is the process of identification oocyte during oocyte retrieval. Oocyte retrieval is a technique used in in vitro fertilization in order to look for, and pick up oocyte-cumulus complexes (COC) from the follicles of the ovaries, enabling fertilization outside the body. Patients receive hormonal stimulation in order …

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Cause of Azoospermia

Introduction Nearly half of the causes for infertility is associated with male factor. In majority of the circumstances male factor is a result of sperm defect such as defective sperm production, sperm dysfunction and/or impaired sperm transport. Not uncommon is total absence of sperm in the semen among 1% of …

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Delayed Cord Clamping

“Early” cord clamping is generally carried out in the first 60 seconds after birth (generally within the first 15–30 seconds), whereas “delayed” umbilical cord clamping is carried out more than 1 minute after the birth or when cord pulsation has ceased. Cord clamping means “the tying and cutting of the …

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Water Birth

What is water birth? During water immersion in labour, women get into a tub or pool of warm water during the first stage of labour, before the baby is born. In a water birth, the mother remains in the water during the pushing phase and actual birth of the baby. …

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Lung Transplantation

Lung transplantation, or pulmonary transplantation is a surgical procedure in which a patient's diseased lungs are partially or totally replaced by lungs which come from a donor. Donor lungs can be retrieved from a living donor or a deceased donor. A living donor can only donate one lung lobe. With some lung diseases a recipient may only need to receive a single lung. With other lung diseases such as cystic fibrosis (a disease which is very rare in Malaysia), it is imperative that a recipient receives two lungs. While lung transplants carry certain associated risks, they can also extend life expectancy and enhance the quality of life for end-stage pulmonary patients.

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Pleuroscopy

Pleuroscopy or medical thoracoscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that allows access to the pleural space using a combination of viewing and working instruments.

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