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NUTRITION

Bacillus Cereus Food Poisoning

Causative Agents Bacillus cereus causes two types of foodborne illness which is emetic (vomiting) and diarrheal form. Source Environment Dust and soil Spices. Food Implicated Inadequate cooked rice Fried rice Cereal product Pudding Vegetables Meat dishes Starchy foods Mode of Spread Improper handling and serving of cooked food Holding cooked …

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Vibrio Parahaemolyticus Food Poisoning

Causative Agents Vibrio parahaemoliticus. Source Sea water Food Implicated Raw and inadequately cooked: Shellfish Marine products (fish and prawn) Mode of Spread Bacteria from raw seafood contaminate cooked food through direct contact (cross contamination) Symptoms Watery diarrhoea Abdominal cramp Nausea Vomiting Headaches Fever Chills Onset of illness 4-30 hours (usually …

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Staphylococcal Food Poisoning

Causative Agents It is caused by Staphylococus aureus which produce seven (7) different toxins that are heat resistant (cannot be destroy by cooking) and frequently responsible for food poisoning. Source Commonly found in 25% of healthy people and animal: Nose and nasal secretion Ears Septic cuts Skin (perspiration) Hair Infected …

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Salmonella Food Poisoning

Causative Agents Salmonella group of bacteria. People become infected by ingesting foods contaminated with the bacterium. Source Humans Pests (rodents, flies and cockroaches) Wild animals Pets Food Implicated Poultry and Poultry products Meat and meat products Egg and egg products Milk and milk products Dairy products (cheese, cream, custard) Mode …

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Bacteria & Food Poisoning

What is bacteria? Bacteria are extremely small organisms. It can be seen through microscope. Most bacteria are harmless but some cause food poisoning and food spoilage. Food poisoning bacteria are found everywhere. Common sources of bacteria are: Raw food Raw water People Insect Rodents Pets Waste food Soil Air Key …

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Food Poisoning

What is food poisoning? Food poisoning is any illness caused by eating contaminated food. Malaysia reported 14,455 cases of food poisoning in year 2007 (Incidence rate of 53.19/100,000 population). What are the causes of food poisoning? Causes of food poisoning Bacteria or their poison (toxin) and viruses Chemicals such as …

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Safe Food Selection

Why do we need to select safe food? Safe food selection is important to prevent food poisoning. How do you select safe food? Choose raw food which are fresh Vegetable and fruits Not wilted, dehydrated, discoloured, rotten or with offensive smell Fish Shiny and bright surface and not covered with …

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Guide to Safe Food Storage

Introduction Food that not properly stored can support bacterial growth and undergoes chemical changes. Correct and proper storage is essential : To ensure it is safe to be consumed To maintain the appearance and taste The preserve the wholesomeness of the food The preserve the nutritional quality of the food …

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Proper Hand Washing

Introduction Your hands may look clean but doesn’t necessarily mean they are. Wash hand properly and thoroughly with soap and water: Before and after handling food After using the toilet After handling food waste After blowing your nose After handling toxic and dangerous material Wash hands with soap to remove …

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Safe Food Handling

What is safe food? Safe foods are foods that are free from contamination. Safe food handling is important to prevent food poisoning. Key facts Most people carry food poisoning bacteria at one time or another Food poisoning bacteria are found in human’s nostril, mouth, hands, intestine and infected wound/cuts Food …

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