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Medication General

Vitamin D and sunlight

Introduction Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin. Two major forms of vitamin D are ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) and cholecalciferol (vitamin D3). Vitamin D2 is synthesized in plant and fungus. Vitamin D3, on the other hand can be synthesized in humans’ skin when it is exposed to ultraviolet B (UVB) rays …

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Misuse of Oral Contraceptive Pills (OCP)

Introduction Contraception or better known as birth control is a method use to prevent pregnancy. Contraceptive methods include hormonal contraception, barrier methods (condoms or diaphragms), intra-uterine devices (IUD) and sterilisation. Hormonal contraception is an effective, convenient and simple method of birth control. The various types of hormonal contraceptives available in …

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Types of dosage form

Introduction Medicines are administered into the human body through different routes of administration depending on the method of absorption required for their therapeutic effect. Medicines reach the targeted area to act through various types of dosage form. The following are examples of the common type of dosage forms used: Tablet …

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Go Green Campaign

Introduction Nowadays, it is undeniable that the use of plastic bags is a norm in our society. Even a small purchase of sweets from sundry shop will come with a plastic bag. However, the continuous use of plastic bags will eventually lead to environmental pollution as it is made of …

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Kempen Go Green

Pengenalan Pada masa kini, tidak dapat dinafikan bahawa penggunaan beg plastik telah menjadi satu kebiasaan dalam kalangan masyarakat kita. Sebagai contoh, setiap pembelian barang walaupun ianya sepeket gula-gula diberikan beg plastik oleh penjual. Namun begitu, penggunaan beg plastik yang berterusan akan menyumbang kepada pencemaran alam sekitar kerana komposisi kimianya seperti …

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Cough and cold

Introduction Cough and cold are common symptoms that are often contracted by population in the world. On average, adults usually experience cold two to five times a year whereas children and geriatrics may get affected at a higher rate. Naturally, cough and cold are the self-defense mechanisms that usually occur …

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Generic vs Innovator Drugs

What Is Innovator Drugs? An innovator drug is the first drugs created containing its specific active ingredient to receive approval for use. It is usually the product for which efficacy, safety and quality have been fully established. When a new drug is first made, drug patent usually will be acquired …

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Handling Unused Medicines

Introduction Environmental pollution is a global issue that has to be managed promptly by the society to prevent further destruction of the earth. Currently, we are being exposed to continuous news of water pollution, air pollution, sound pollution and others. Water pollution may occur due to unorganized disposal of toxic …

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