Home > MEDICATION & YOU > Drug Facts (page 8)

Drug Facts

Antihipertensif

Index Antihipertensif Amiloride Enalapril Nifedipine Amlodipine Felodipine Perindopril Atenolol Furosemide Prazosin Bisoprolol Irbesartan Propranolol Captopril Labetolol Ramipril Carvedilol Losartan Spironolactone Chlorothiazide Methyldopa Telmisartan Clonidine Metolazone Valsartan Diltiazem Metoprolol Verapamil Minoxidil Antihipertensif JENIS TINDAKAN KESAN SAMPINGAN LANGKAH BERJAGA-JAGA Penghalang Reseptor Beta : Atenolol Bisoprolol Carvedilol Labetolol Metoprolol Propranolol Mengawal tekanan darah …

Baca Selanjutnya >

Antianxiety Drugs

Introduction Antianxiety drugs are prescription drugs used to calm and relax people with excessive anxiety and induce sleep (sedatives or sleep aids). The most commonly used drugs are benzodiazepines. They are indicated for the short-term relief of severe anxiety. Prescription Medications Benzodiazepines The most commonly used benzodiazepines in treating anxiety …

Baca Selanjutnya >

Antidepressants

Introduction Antidepressants are medicines that relieve the symptoms of depression. Antidepressants have anti-anxiety effects too. There are four main types of antidepressants, namely: Tricyclics RIMAs (Reversible Inhibitors of Monoamine Oxidase type A) SSRIs (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors) SNRIs (Serotonin and Noradrenaline Reuptake Inhibitors) How do they work It is likely …

Baca Selanjutnya >

Sleeping Pills (Sedatives)

Introduction Sleeping pills are a class of sedatives which act on the central nervous system and help a person fall asleep quickly. There are a few types of medicines that can produce sedative effects. Examples are antidepressants, barbiturates and benzodiazepines. Benzodiazepines are the most commonly used anxiolytics and hypnotics. Some …

Baca Selanjutnya >

Paracetamol

Pengenalan Paracetamol atau lebih dikenali dengan pelbagai nama dagang contohnya Panadol™ atau Uphamol™ telah lama berada dalam pasaran di Malaysia. Ia digunakan secara meluas sebagai ubat demam dan ubat tahan sakit. Kebanyakan rakyat di Malaysia tahu cara pengambilan paracetamol. Di Malaysia, paracetamol boleh diperoleh dengan mudah di mana-mana kedai runcit, …

Baca Selanjutnya >

Paracetamol

Introduction Paracetamol or sometimes recognized by various brands available in the market such as Panadol™, Uphamol™ and many others has come long since it become the most widely used antifever and pain medication in Malaysia. Most Malaysians are well informed on the proper way to take paracetamol which. can be …

Baca Selanjutnya >

Methylphenidate

Pengenalan Methylphenidate ialah sejenis perangsang yang mengaktifkan atau meningkatkan aktiviti sistem saraf pusat. Ia membantu kanak-kanak yang menghidap masalah tumpuan dan hiperaktif (ADHD) menjadi tenang dan boleh menumpukan perhatian. Kajian menunjukkan bahawa ketagihan kepada ubat perangsang sistem saraf pusat tidak akan berlaku jika individu yang menghidap ADHD mengambil ubat mengikut …

Baca Selanjutnya >

Methylphenidate

Introduction Methylphenidate is a stimulants that activate, enhance, or increase activity of the central nervous system. It has a notably calming and “focusing” effect on those with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), particularly in children. Research shows that individuals with ADHD do not become addicted to stimulant medications when taken in …

Baca Selanjutnya >

Pain & Analgesics

Introduction Pain is commonly one of the reasons on why patient always seek medical treatment. Although physiologically pain is actually a protective action by the body against injury, pain may also alter patient’s quality of life. Pain has been defined as ‘unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or …

Baca Selanjutnya >

Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART)

Antiretroviral therapy is the treatment used in people who are infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This treatment is commonly known as Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy or abbreviated as HAART.¹ HAART consists of a combination of at least 3 antiretroviral drugs from at least 2 different antiretroviral classes. This combination …

Baca Selanjutnya >