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Hydrocephalus

Hydrocephalus is the abnormal and excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the ventricles. Ventricles are the spaces in the brain, filled with CSF. (Figure 1) CSF is the clear and colourless fluid, containing sugar, salt and cells. The important functions of CSF are: protecting the brain and spinal cord …

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Viral Encephalitis in Children

Encephalitis (“Encepha” and “litis”) literally means inflammation of the brain. (Figure 1) It is generally uncommon, affecting about 3.5-7 per 100,000 individuals per year, more commonly in children, elderly and people with weakened immune system. Majority of the encephalitis is caused by virus. Other causes include bacterial infection (such as …

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Viral Encephalitis in Children

Encephalitis (“Encepha” and “litis”) literally means inflammation of the brain. (Figure 1) It is generally uncommon, affecting about 3.5-7 per 100,000 individuals per year, more commonly in children, elderly and people with weakened immune system. Majority of the encephalitis is caused by virus. Other causes include bacterial infection (such as …

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Care of and use of spacer device

What is a spacer device? A spacer device is a plastic container designed for easy delivery of asthma medication in the form of aerosol from the metered dose inhaler. The asthma medications are the reliever and the preventer. Metered dose inhaler Source: http://www.ayurprakash.com/get-the-best-ayurvedic-treatment-of-bronchial-asthma-in-india/ The spacer device is used to deliver …

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Use of nebulizer

A nebulizer is a machine that converts liquid medication into fine mist that is inhaled into the lung. It pushes compressed air through the liquid medication turning it into the mist form. This is then inhaled through either a facemask or a mouthpiece. Usually it takes 5-10 minutes to nebulize …

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Nutrition Of Preterm Baby

  Meeting the nutritional requirements of preterm baby represents a continuing challenge facing doctors, nurses, as well as the baby’s family. Nutrition during early life is now recognized not only as a key determinant for immediate neonatal survival, growth and mental development during infancy, but also as a major conditioning …

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Abnormal Genitalia: No Vaginal Opening

What is the cause of absent vaginal opening in a girl? Imperforate hymen In female infants, there is normally a thin membrane (hymen) that surrounds the vaginal opening. In rare conditions, a congenital vaginal blockage occurs due to an imperforate hymen. Therefore the vaginal opening remains covered. Labial adhesions Fusion …

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