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Hand, Foot & Mouth Disease (HFMD)

What is HFMD?  Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is an infection caused by viruses from the enterovirus group which includes enteroviruses, coxsackie viruses, echoviruses and polioviruses. Among these viruses, enterovirus 71 (EV 71) and coxsackie virus A16 are the most common pathogens.  Who are at risk? Anyone can get …

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Tuberculosis (TB)

What is Tuberculosis?  TB is an infection caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is a contagious disease. TB bacteria spread from one person to another by air. Children are usually infected after inhaling the bacteria from an adult with TB of the lungs. Not every child becomes sick …

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Prevention After Contact With TB

Early identification of individuals infected by TB bacteria is important in preventing and controlling TB disease. Treatment given to individuals in the early phase of infection, called latent TB infection, can help to stop the infection from progressing.  What is Latent TB Infection (LTBI)?  TB is not uncommon in Malaysia. …

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Encephalitis

What Is Encephalitis? Encephalitis is a rare but serious condition that causes inflammation (swelling) of the brain. It is usually caused by a viral infection. Encephalitis affects approximately five to eight people per 100,000 annually. Herpes simplex virus (HSV) encephalitis is the most common viral encephalitis. What Is The Difference …

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Care of and use of spacer device

What is a spacer device? A spacer device is a plastic container designed for easy delivery of asthma medication in the form of aerosol from the metered dose inhaler. The asthma medications are the reliever and the preventer. Metered dose inhaler Source: http://www.ayurprakash.com/get-the-best-ayurvedic-treatment-of-bronchial-asthma-in-india/ The spacer device is used to deliver …

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Structured Activities For Children With ADHD

Reports suggest that children with ADHD display higher levels of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity in less structured activities (Verret., C et al., 2010). Therefore a structured  activity program may help to improve their muscular capacities, motor skills, behavior assessments, and the ability to process information. Structured Activity is: Planned and …

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Has Your Child’s Hearing Been Tested?

Hearing is important for a child’s development. Children identified of having hearing difficulties at an early age are at risk of having speech and language delay in the future. Despite public’s knowledge on the importance of hearing in children, the awareness and attention of parents on their children’s hearing abilities …

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