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Kids

Asthma & Other Trigger Factors

Genetic predisposition and allergies can cause childhood asthma. Allergies and asthma are related but they are separate conditions. Majority of children with asthma have allergies. Not everyone who has allergies has asthma, and not all cases of asthma are related to allergies. A number of different triggers can cause asthma …

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Managing an Asthma Attack

Asthma symptoms typically “come and go” depending on the disease severity and exposure to the triggers. Ideally, every asthmatic patient should have an asthma action plan developed by their doctor. All asthmatic patients should be able to manage mild to moderate asthma attacks at home by following the asthma action …

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Cleft Lip & Cleft Palate

What is cleft lip or cleft palate? A cleft lip is a split in the upper lip. A cleft palate is a split in the roof of the mouth. How does this defect arise? This condition is the result of incomplete fusion of the mouth parts during early development of …

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Nose Bleed

Nose bleed is a common problem among the children. It can occur spontaneously or secondary to trauma. Most of the time the cause is not identified. It is often related to the ‘little area’ in the nose that can bleed easily. What causes nose bleeds? There are many causes and …

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Common Cold

What is a common cold? Common cold is an infection of the nose and throat. It is usually caused by a virus. It is the most common infectious illness among young children with the highest rate during the first 2 years. Most children catch several ‘colds’ in a year. The …

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Hearing Impairment in Children

What is considered as hearing impairment? Hearing impairment is defined as inability of a person to hear properly. It may be total hearing loss (profound) or partial hearing loss and is due to some hearing defect either in one or both ears. Hearing impairment may present in children in a …

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Ear Infection

One of the most common health problems in children is ear infection. It is very disturbing to the child resulting in sleeping and feeding problems. They may even cry excessively for unknown reasons. Most children have at least one middle ear infection before they are 2 years old. What are …

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Strabismus / Squint

What Is Strabismus And What Is Squint? Strabismus is also known as squint. It occurs when the two eyes are not aligned and point in different directions. One eye is looking straight while the other points inwards, outwards, upwards or downwards. It may run in families. It occurs in 2 …

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Refractive Errors

What are refractive errors? Light travels through the cornea (clear transparent part of the eye) and the lens before falling on the retina (the retina is the nerve layer that lines the back of the eye). The eye needs to bend (refract) the light rays so that the image can …

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Conjunctivitis

What is conjunctivitis? Conjunctiva is the clear covering which coats the white of the eye and lines the inner part of the eyelids. Soreness and redness of the conjunctiva is called conjunctivitis. What are the signs and symptoms? Signs and symptoms vary slightly according to the cause of conjunctivitis. However …

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