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Newborn Health

Nutrition Of Preterm Baby

  Meeting the nutritional requirements of preterm baby represents a continuing challenge facing doctors, nurses, as well as the baby’s family. Nutrition during early life is now recognized not only as a key determinant for immediate neonatal survival, growth and mental development during infancy, but also as a major conditioning …

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Abnormal Genitalia: No Vaginal Opening

What is the cause of absent vaginal opening in a girl? Imperforate hymen In female infants, there is normally a thin membrane (hymen) that surrounds the vaginal opening. In rare conditions, a congenital vaginal blockage occurs due to an imperforate hymen. Therefore the vaginal opening remains covered. Labial adhesions Fusion …

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Early Puberty: Early Breast Enlargement

When is breast enlargement in a girl considered too early? The normal process of puberty in a girl starts from 8 years of age with breast development. This is followed shortly by growth spurts and later other secondary sexual characteristics.  Refer figure 1. Girls who show breast enlargement before 8 …

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Feeding Intervention In NICU

Introduction Feeding difficulty is commonly presented among infants and young babies in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). The populations with feeding difficulty include such as: Premature infants Infants with medical conditions What is Feeding Difficulty? Feeding difficulty is when an infant failed to get an adequate nutritional intake for growth …

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Choking On Milk

Rapid breathing! Infant turning blue! Parents will feel very worried if their infant showed any of these symptoms during feeding. This usually happens when the infant could not suck and swallow milk properly. It can lead to choking and coughing episodes during feeding, and may cause aspiration pneumonia. It is …

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Respiratory Distress Syndrome

What is Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS)? Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in the newborn, also known as hyaline membrane disease, is a common complication seen in premature babies. Babies with this condition will develop breathing difficulty and may require intensive care management. RDS can be mild or severe, the severity and …

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Human Papiloma Virus (HPV)

Apa itu jangkitan Human Papilloma Virus? Ini adalah salah satu daripada pelbagai jenis penyakit kelamin di kalangan orang dewasa. Ia mungkin bercirikan dengan ketuat pada bahagian kemaluan (yang kelihatan seperti isi buah anggur). Jangkitan pada pangkal rahim boleh menyebabkan barah pangkal rahim pada masa akan datang. Apakah penyebab penyakit ini? …

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G6PD Deficiency

Introduction G6PD, which stands for Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase is an enzyme in the red blood cells. It acts to protect the red blood cells from hemolysis (breakage of the red blood cells) when exposed to certain medications, food or infections. G6PD deficiency occurs when there is reduced activity of the enzyme …

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