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Immunisation

Meningococcal Disease

What is Meningococcal Disease? This is a very serious bacterial infection resulting either in meningococcal septicaemia (with distinctive generalised purplish coloured raised skin lesions called purpura) or meningitis. What causes Meningococcal Disease? The bacterium responsible is Neisseria meningitidis which is present in the lining of the nose and throat of …

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Chickenpox or Varicella

What is Chickenpox? This viral infection usually causes a distinctive acute skin lesion characterised by numerous fluid-filled vesicles affecting young children. The complications include secondary bacterial infection, pneumonia and rarely viral encephalitis. Affected adults usually have more serious and distressing symptoms. What causes Chickenpox? It is caused by the varicella-zoster …

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Poliomyelitis

What is Poliomyelitis? This is a distressing infection affecting the spinal nerve that can lead to muscle weakness with resultant permanent weakness of the legs. What are the available vaccines and their possible problems? There are 2 vaccines available, namely the weakened live oral (OPV) and killed or inactivated virus …

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Pertussis

What is Pertussis? This is a serious bacterial infection which leads to very severe cough (whooping cough) and chest infection. What is the benefit of Acellular Pertussis Vaccine? An acute brain condition of reduced level of consciousness with convulsion (brain encephalopathy) is said to be associated with wP. The incidence …

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Overview

The vaccines currently used in the Ministry of Health Malaysia are based on the Expanded Immunisation Programme (EPI) of the World Health Organisation (WHO). These vaccines are given free of charge to all babies in the government health centres and cover the 10 vaccine-preventable childhood diseases as listed in table …

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Used of Vaccines

Vaccines used in the Ministry of Health (MOH), Malaysia No Disease Vaccine product Route of giving vacci 1 Tuberculosis Weakened bacterium (BCG) Beneath the skin in the arm 2 Diphtheria Modified bacterial toxin(D)     DTaP/ Hib/ IPV is given together into the muscle of the thigh (if less than …

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Immunisation Schedule

Table 1:  Immunisation Schedule for National Immunisation Program, Ministry of Health Malaysia Note: Vaccines given at government health facilities: Bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG), vaccine that gives protection against tuberculosis DTaP is the combination of diphtheria(D), tetanus(T) and accelullar pertussis(aP) DT is a booster dose which protects against diphtheria (D) and tetanus …

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