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Blood Disease

Iron Deficiency Anemia

What is iron deficiency anaemia? Anaemia is a condition where the body has lack of healthy red blood cells. Red blood cells are very important to provide oxygen to our body tissues. There are many types of anemia. The most common type of anemia in children is iron deficiency anaemia. …

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Haemophilia

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What is Haemophilia? Haemophilia is an inherited bleeding disorder, where within the affected individual’s blood there is reduction or lack of one of the blood clotting factors. This makes it difficult for the blood to form a clot, so bleeding continues longer but not faster than usual. Haemophilia is a …

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Immune Thrombocytopenia Purpura (ITP)

What is ITP? “Thrombocytopenia” means low platelet count and “purpura” means purple in Latin. Purpura is the appearance of reddish-purple discolorations on the skin that do not blanch on applying pressure. Purpura is caused by bleeding underneath the skin and measures 0.3-1cm. They are called petechiae when the size are …

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Leukaemia

What is Leukemia? Leukemia is a cancer of the white blood cells and is characterized by an abnormal proliferation (production by multiplication) of white cells in the bone marrow. Normally the white cells reproduce in an orderly and controlled manner. In Leukemia the process is disturbed and the cells continue …

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Thalassemia

What is Thalassemia? The thalassemias are a group of disorders that prevent the body from producing a sufficient quantity of high quality blood. This condition is caused by changes to the genes that control the production of haemoglobin. Haemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen around …

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