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Abdomen

Gastroesophageal Reflux

Apakah gastroesophageal reflux? “Gastroesophageal reflux” adalah keadaan di mana isi perut iaitu makanan atau minuman yang diambil tertolak semula ke saluran esofagus iaitu struktur seperti tiub yang menyambungkan mulut dengan perut. Ianya berlaku apabila “esophageal sphincter” atau pencerut esofagus tidak berfungsi seperti yang sepatutnya iaitu mencegah keadaan ini daripada berlaku. …

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Chronic Abdominal Pain

Chronic Abdominal Pain (CAP) is a common condition among children. It may occur in 9 to 15% of all children. Usually, it affects boys between the ages 5 to 6 years old, and in girls between 5 to 6 years old and 9 to 10 years old. Children with CAP …

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Bloody Stool – Dysentery

Introduction Dysentery is an inflammation of the intestine, especially in the colon. This can lead to severe diarrhoea with mucus or blood in the feces. Mild to severe abdominal pain or stomach cramps are typically experienced with tenesmus (painful straining to pass stool). This illness is caused by eating food …

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Lactose Intolerance

What is lactose? Milk and dairy products contain milk sugar which needs to be broken down to small bits so that the body can absorb them into the blood stream. This milk sugar called lactose is broken down by an enzyme called lactase in our intestines. What is lactose intolerance? …

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Whipworms (Trichuris Trichiura)

What are whipworms? Whipworms get their name from the characteristic shape of the adult worms. The adult worm grows to about 3-5 cm in length and lives for about 1-3 years. The adult worm lives in the large intestine of the human host with one end embedded in the intestinal …

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Constipation

What is constipation? Constipation is when bowel movements become less frequent and difficult to pass. How common is this in children and what contributes to it? It is a common problem in children but is usually temporary. Factors promoting constipation are: Inadequate fluid intake. Inadequate fiber in diet. Lack of …

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Diarrhoea

Diarrhoea is a common childhood condition which is usually mild and brief. It usually resolves on its own without causing complications. What is diarrhoea? Diarrhoea is the passage of loose, watery stools. The stools are passed more frequently than normal. Acute diarrhoea – sudden onset of diarrhoea that lasts less …

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