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GOLDEN YEARS

Bone

Introduction Bone is a dynamic tissue which is being replaced and remodelled throughout life. The necessary equilibrium between bone production and resorption becomes unbalanced in later life. The result is a gradual and progressive loss of bone after the age of 35. Bone loss is normally 0.2% of total bone …

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Muscle

Introduction After the age of 30, the number and size of muscle fibres progressively decline, resulting in a decrease of skeletal muscle mass and thus lean body mass. This process is termed “sarcopenia”. This process may be hastened by sedentary life. The muscle mass can still be increased or maintained …

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Joints

Introduction Joint movements are slow with age because of changes within the joints. Reaction time is also slower because of changes in the central nervous system where time lapse between the brain receiving the signal and the person responding to the signal increases with age. In healthy individual, the joint …

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Prostat

Pengenalan Prostat ialah kelenjar kecil dan bulat di dalam sistem reproduktif lelaki yang terletak di pangkal pundi kencing di hadapan usus besar. Fungsi utamanya ialah mengeluarkan air mani yang membantu pergerakan sperma daripada buah zakar keluar melalui pancutan daripada saluran uret ra dan zakar. Kelenjar prostat biasanya membesar selaras dengan …

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Prostate

Introduction Prostate is a small and round gland in a male reproductive system. It is located  near bottom end of the bladder and  in front  of large intestine/rectum. The main function of the prostate gland is to produce seminal fluid which helps carry the sperm produced in the scrotum out …

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Bladder

Introduction The urinary system consists of one pair of kidney, two ureter, one bladder and urethra (tube which carries urine out of the body). The kidney has the ability to excrete or remove the blood waste product from the blood and form urine. The urine will flow through the ureter …

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Gait Disorder in the Elderly

Introduction In the elderly community, the prevalence of gait disorder is 35% in persons over age 70. Gait disorders consist of a number of factors, such as slowing of the gait speed, loss of balance or coordination of movement. For elderly, speed of walking, time to get up from sitting …

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How to Care for Your Nasogastric Tube

Introduction The patient maybe discharged with a feeding-tube called a nasogastric tube, or NG tube. The NG tube is inserted through the patient’s nose and into his/her stomach to provide them with food, fluids, and medication. This maybe because the patient has difficulty swallowing safely or adequately. Here’s what you need …

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Perineal Care

Introduction Perineal care is the get of washing the genital and rectal areas of the body. It should be done at least once a day during bed bath, shower, or tub bath. It is done more often when a patient is incontinent. This prevents infection, odors and irritation. Wash your …

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