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Acute Pain

Introduction The International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) defined pain as an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage. Acute Pain (The following are features of acute pain) Pain that last less than 30 days. Begins …

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Confusion is a common problem happened in persons over 65 years of age. It is characterized by clouding of consciousness with an impaired capacity to think, understand and responding to and remembering stimuli. Patients are disoriented and exhibit reduced attention, inability to express thoughts, drowsiness and defects in memory.

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Drug-Related Problems in the Elderly

Prescribing for elderly patients presents unique-challenges. Many medications need to be used with special caution because of age-related changes in pharmacokinetics (ie, absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion) and pharmacodynamics (the physiologic effects of the drug).

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Where Can I Get Help?

The Ministry of Health Malaysia has initiated a special program for the older persons since 1996.  The goal of the program is to achieve optimal health for the older persons through integrated and comprehensive health and health related services in-line with the National Health Policy for the Older Persons

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Bone is a dynamic tissue which is being replaced and remodelled throughout life. The necessary equilibrium between bone production and resorption becomes unbalanced in later life. The result is a gradual and progressive loss of bone after the age of 35.

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