Home > GOLDEN YEARS > Healthy Ageing > Normal Physical Changes (page 2)

Normal Physical Changes

Lung

Introduction Lung function gradually declines after age 20. In the absence of lung insults (eg, smoking, exposure to environmental toxins or previous lung infections), most elderly people have enough lung reserve to avoid any breathing symptoms. However, in smokers/ former smokers and those exposed to environmental toxins, injury due to …

Baca Selanjutnya >

Heart

Introduction As people age, the heart and blood vessels change in many ways. However, regular exercise can reduce many of the effects of aging on the heart and blood vessels. Sign & Symptoms The walls of the arteries (a type of blood vessel) become thicker and less elastic. The arteries …

Baca Selanjutnya >

Hair

Introduction Hair starts to gray in about 50% of people by age 50, mainly due to the loss of melanocytes (pigment-producing cells). The degree of hair graying often runs in families, however, the responsible genes are unknown. Sign & Symptoms As people age, hair becomes thinner, more brittle and loses …

Baca Selanjutnya >

Skin

Introduction The skin changes in many ways as people age. On the positive side, the skin tends to become less sensitive to substances, so allergic rashes become less common. On the negative side, the skin thins and becomes drier, less elastic, and more fragile. Thus, as people age, skin disorders …

Baca Selanjutnya >

Teeth

Introduction The likelihood of reaching age 65 year with all or most teeth intact is much greater than in previous generations. However, about 1/3 of adults more than age 65 are missing part or all of their teeth (edentulism). Although dentition (or teeth) may be well preserved in the absence …

Baca Selanjutnya >

Ears

Introduction As people age, they may hear less well and balance may become difficult to maintain. These changes occur because some structures in the ear that help with hearing or balance deteriorate with age. Moreover, earwax tends to accumulate more in elderly. This accumulation can interfere with hearing. The importance …

Baca Selanjutnya >

Eyes

Introduction For most people, eyesight is the most treasured of the senses. The eyes undergo many changes with aging. Between the ages of 40 and 50, most people notice that seeing close objects becomes difficult. In addition, many eye disorders become more common with aging, so many people experience visual …

Baca Selanjutnya >