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Common Disease

Management of Pain

Introduction The International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) defined pain as an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage. Acute Pain are pain that last less than 30 days. Complication Delay of appropriate treatment in acute …

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Gait Disorder in the Elderly

Introduction In the elderly community, the prevalence of gait disorder is 35% in persons over age 70. Gait disorders consist of a number of factors, such as slowing of the gait speed, loss of balance or coordination of movement. For elderly, speed of walking, time to get up from sitting …

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Senile Purpura

Introduction The skin is constantly renewing itself. New cells are formed on the lower layer of skin which slowly move upward. By the time they reach the surface of the skin, these cells are dead and are removed daily. With ageing, this process of cell renewal slows down. The “dead …

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Fecal Incontinence

Introduction Fecal (stool) incontinence means uncontrolled passage of bowel movements. Losing control over bowel movements and becoming incontinent is humiliating for most older people. Older people who become incontinent of feces (stool) often fear that others will view them as helpless and dependent. Fortunately, fecal incontinence can often be cured …

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Arthritis

Arthritis

Introduction Although the term means joint inflammation, arthritis really refers to a group of more than 100 rheumatic diseases and conditions that can cause pain, stiffness and swelling in the joints. Examples include rheumatoid arthritis, gouty arthritis, septic arthritis etc. The two commonest forms are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. What …

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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Introduction and epidemiology Respiratory disease ranks as the most common cause of medical consultation and the fourth leading cause of hospital admission. COPD is a condition characterised by persistent airflow obstruction which is slowly progressive. It can also present with features of airway hyper reactivity. It is a common cause …

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Heart Failure

Heart failure is a complex condition that can result from any disorder that affects the ability of the heart to pump blood adequately to meet the demands of the body.Prevalence increases with advancing age. Causes of heart failure: Coronary heart disease High blood pressure Heart valve problems Abnormalities of heart …

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