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GENERAL

White Discharge

What is white discharge problem? White discharge also known as vaginal secretion of white, cream or grey colour fluid from the vaginal area has became an universal problem for women all over the world. Statistic shows that around 75% of infected women are married and sexually active. Many women have …

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What Is Radiation?

Introduction Radiation is a form of wave’s energy. It acts like electromagnet with electromagnetic waves and magnetic energy travels together through a chamber with various speed. Examples of radiation include UV rays from the sun, infrared, microwave and radio waves. Almost everyday, our lives are exposed to radiation eg an …

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Auditory Neuropathy in Children

Auditory neuropathy is a hearing disorder in which sound enters the cochlear normally but the transmission of signal from the cochlea to the brain is impaired. Auditory neuropathy is also known as auditory dys-synchony. From researches, auditory neuropathy may have normal hearing or hearing loss ranging from mild to profound …

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Electrocardiography (ECG)

Monitoring of Complications   Introduction ECG is a test assessing the electrical activity of the heart. It is detected by electrodes attached to the outer surface of the skin and recorded by a device external to the body [1]. The electrodes are placed across the chest and it records electrical …

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Monofilament Examination

Monitoring of Complications   Introduction Monofilament examination is used to assess high risk foot for diabetes foot ulcers. It is to assess pressure sensation perception. It is reliable in screening for patients at risk of foot ulceration because sensitivity is a more important parameter [1]. Monofilament examination is inexpensive and …

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Foot Examination

Monitoring of Complications   Introduction Foot examination is part of an integral management of diabetes. Foot problems may develop after more than 10 years of diabetes duration. Diabetes foot ulcers develop secondary to chronic ischaemia (insufficient blood supply to the foot) due to microvascular (small vessels) and macrovascular (large vessels) …

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Eye Examination

Monitoring of Complications   Introduction The eye is an important organ that allows vision. Retina is part of the eye that consists of a number of cells and normal vision depends on intact-cell communication among them. Diabetes and chronic exposure to hyperglycaemia (high glucose in the blood) damages all the …

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Renal Profile

Monitoring of Complications   Introduction Renal profile is a test to assess kidney health. It is useful to measure kidney function. Renal profile gives information on levels of creatinine, sodium, calcium, chloride, blood urea and potassium. Some laboratory calculates glomerular filtration rate too. Kidney plays an important role in maintaining …

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