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Muhammad Muiz

Proper Technique for Breasfeeding

To ensure a successful breastfeeding, your baby should be put properly to the breast. Usually, positioning and attaching your baby to the breast comes naturally, but some mothers and babies need time and practice to get it right. The following tips may help. Positioning Attachment Signs of poor attachment Assessing …

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Benefit of Breastfeeding

Introduction Getting ready for the birth of your baby is an exciting, yet busy time. Before deciding how you’re to feed your baby, consider breastfeeding because it provides many benefits to your baby and you. To get the full benefits of breastfeeding, you are encourage to breastfeed your baby exclusively …

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Food & Drug Interactions

What is a food-drug interaction? A food-drug interaction happens when the food you eat affects the active ingredients in a medicine you are taking so the medicine does not work the way it should.  In a broader sense it happens when both food and drugs are taken at the same …

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Guide for Plastic Food Packaging

Introduction Plastics are widely used in the food sectors. They range from packaging, wraps, containers, kitchenware, baby bottles etc. Plastic packaging makes food more convenient and keeps food safe by providing physical protection. It prevents contamination and damage during transportation, delivery and storage. Since plastics become an indispensable element in …

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Campylobacter Food Poisoning

Causative Agents Campylobacter jejuni Source Intestine of animals (pets, cattle, chicken, ducks, birds) Contaminated water (from animal waste) Food Implicated Food not adequated cooked Raw milk or inadequately pasteurized milk Untreated water Raw shellfish Raw /inadequately cooked mushroom Mode of Spread The most common way for food to be contaminated …

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Bacillus Cereus Food Poisoning

Causative Agents Bacillus cereus causes two types of foodborne illness which is emetic (vomiting) and diarrheal form. Source Environment Dust and soil Spices. Food Implicated Inadequate cooked rice Fried rice Cereal product Pudding Vegetables Meat dishes Starchy foods Mode of Spread Improper handling and serving of cooked food Holding cooked …

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Vibrio Parahaemolyticus Food Poisoning

Causative Agents Vibrio parahaemoliticus. Source Sea water Food Implicated Raw and inadequately cooked: Shellfish Marine products (fish and prawn) Mode of Spread Bacteria from raw seafood contaminate cooked food through direct contact (cross contamination) Symptoms Watery diarrhoea Abdominal cramp Nausea Vomiting Headaches Fever Chills Onset of illness 4-30 hours (usually …

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Staphylococcal Food Poisoning

Causative Agents It is caused by Staphylococus aureus which produce seven (7) different toxins that are heat resistant (cannot be destroy by cooking) and frequently responsible for food poisoning. Source Commonly found in 25% of healthy people and animal: Nose and nasal secretion Ears Septic cuts Skin (perspiration) Hair Infected …

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Salmonella Food Poisoning

Causative Agents Salmonella group of bacteria. People become infected by ingesting foods contaminated with the bacterium. Source Humans Pests (rodents, flies and cockroaches) Wild animals Pets Food Implicated Poultry and Poultry products Meat and meat products Egg and egg products Milk and milk products Dairy products (cheese, cream, custard) Mode …

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