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Norliza

Paracetamol

Introduction Paracetamol or sometimes recognized by various brands available in the market such as Panadol™, Uphamol™ and many others has come long since it become the most widely used antifever and pain medication in Malaysia. Most Malaysians are well informed on the proper way to take paracetamol which. can be …

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Methylphenidate

Introduction Methylphenidate is a stimulants that activate, enhance, or increase activity of the central nervous system. It has a notably calming and “focusing” effect on those with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), particularly in children. Research shows that individuals with ADHD do not become addicted to stimulant medications when taken in …

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Pain & Analgesics

Introduction Pain is commonly one of the reasons on why patient always seek medical treatment. Although physiologically pain is actually a protective action by the body against injury, pain may also alter patient’s quality of life. Pain has been defined as ‘unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or …

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Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART)

Antiretroviral therapy is the treatment used in people who are infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This treatment is commonly known as Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy or abbreviated as HAART.¹ HAART consists of a combination of at least 3 antiretroviral drugs from at least 2 different antiretroviral classes. This combination …

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Duromine

What is Duromine? Duromine is a product containing Phentermine as an active ingredient. Phentermine is a stimulant that is similar to an amphetamine. It is combined with a resin which slowly releases the phentermine so that the effect of Duromine lasts all day. What Duromine is used for? Duromine is …

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Antiviral for H1N1

What is Influenza? Influenza or ‘flu’ is an infection caused by the influenza virus. Influenza A in particular is caused by the H1N1 virus. How Does Influenza Spread? The H1N1 virus spreads through air where droplets from an infected person’s cough or sneeze inhaled by an uninfected individual, or through …

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Antipsychotic

Introduction Antipsychotic is a class of medicine used to treat psychosis. They are also known as neuroleptics. These medications affect neurotransmitters that allow communication between brain cells. Types of Antipsychotics Typical antipsychotics (also known as first generation antipsychotics): Phenothiazines (Chlorpromazine, Thioridazine, Fluphenazine, Perphenazine, Prochlorperazine, Trifluoperazine). Butyrophenones (Haloperidol) Thioxanthenes (Flupenthixol, Zuclopenthixol) …

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Medicines and breasfeeding

What are the effects of medicines on breastfeeding mothers? Administration of medicines during breastfeeding may sometimes be necessary to the mother. Most drugs pass through the bloodstream and will be present in small amounts in the mother’s milk. To minimise your baby’s exposure to drugs you will need to discuss …

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