Home > Norliza (page 20)


Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT)

Introduction Smoking is the leading cause of preventable morbidity and mortality in the world. Tobacco use causes more than 5 million deaths per year worldwide, and current trends show that tobacco use will cause more than 8 million deaths annually by 2030. In Malaysia, smoking remains one of the top …

Baca Selanjutnya >

How To Use Nasal Spray

Introduction Nasal spray is used to treat symptoms of allergic rhinitis, sinus as well as blocked nose. A correct technique is essential for effective delivery of the medicines. Different nasal spray requires slightly different techniques (for example, priming technique or holding position). Hence, it is very important to follow the …

Baca Selanjutnya >

Misuse of Oral Contraceptive Pills (OCP)

Introduction Contraception or better known as birth control is a method use to prevent pregnancy. Contraceptive methods include hormonal contraception, barrier methods (condoms or diaphragms), intra-uterine devices (IUD) and sterilisation. Hormonal contraception is an effective, convenient and simple method of birth control. The various types of hormonal contraceptives available in …

Baca Selanjutnya >


Generic name Glucosamine Sulphate Uses To relieve the symptoms of osteoarthritis, i.e: pain and function limitation Mechanism of Action Glucosamine sulphate stimulates the manufacturing of synovial fluid for proper joint function and joint repair stimulation. Glucosamine sulphate provides lubricant activity for the synovial fluid, it improves the synovial fluid viscosity …

Baca Selanjutnya >

Tongkat Ali

Recognition Malaysia is well-known for the diversity of medicinal herbs used from generations to generations. Tongkat Ali is one of the notorious herbs has been used widely in traditional medicine products and beverages. There are four herbal species called as Tongkat Ali in Malaysia which are; Eurycoma longifolia (Simaroubaceae family) …

Baca Selanjutnya >

Kacip Fatimah

Introduction Kacip Fatimah is a herb that grows on forest floors. The most common species normally found in Malaysia are var. Alata, var. Lanceolata dan var Pumila. Kacip Fatimah is also locally known as Selusoh Fatimah, rumput Siti Fatimah, akar Fatimah, kacit Fatimah, kacip Patimah, kunci Fatimah, pokok pinggang, rumput …

Baca Selanjutnya >

Abuse of ketum leaves

What Are Ketum Leaves? Ketum Tree Ketum leaves (scientific name: Mitragyna speciosa) comes from the ketum tree which is a plant of the family Rubiaceae and is found abundant in the northern states as well as the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia. It thrives in moist soil with high humus …

Baca Selanjutnya >

The truth about maajun/jamu

Introduction All pharmaceutical products in Malaysia including traditional medicines and health supplements must be registered with the Drug Control Authority, Ministry of Health Malaysia prior to being marketed to consumers. All registered product are given a unique registration number starting with the word ‘MAL’ followed by an 8 digit no. …

Baca Selanjutnya >

Counterfeit medicines


Introduction Counterfeit medicines are found everywhere in the world ranging from random mixtures of harmful toxic substances to inactive and ineffective preparations. Some contain a declared, active ingredient and look so similar to the genuine product that they deceive health professionals as well as patients. But in every case, the …

Baca Selanjutnya >