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Norliza

Abuse of ketum leaves

What Are Ketum Leaves? Ketum Tree Ketum leaves (scientific name: Mitragyna speciosa) comes from the ketum tree which is a plant of the family Rubiaceae and is found abundant in the northern states as well as the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia. It thrives in moist soil with high humus …

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The truth about maajun/jamu

Introduction All pharmaceutical products in Malaysia including traditional medicines and health supplements must be registered with the Drug Control Authority, Ministry of Health Malaysia prior to being marketed to consumers. All registered product are given a unique registration number starting with the word ‘MAL’ followed by an 8 digit no. …

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Counterfeit medicines

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Introduction Counterfeit medicines are found everywhere in the world ranging from random mixtures of harmful toxic substances to inactive and ineffective preparations. Some contain a declared, active ingredient and look so similar to the genuine product that they deceive health professionals as well as patients. But in every case, the …

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Types of dosage form

Introduction Medicines are administered into the human body through different routes of administration depending on the method of absorption required for their therapeutic effect. Medicines reach the targeted area to act through various types of dosage form. The following are examples of the common type of dosage forms used: Tablet …

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Antiemetik

Apa itu antiemetik Antiemetik adalah kumpulan ubat yang efektif bertindak ke atas gejala muntah dan loya. Ianya selalu digunakan untuk mengurangkan rasa mabuk akibat kesan sampingan penggunaan ubat-ubatan seperti analgesik, bius selepas pembedahan dan kemoterapi untuk rawatan penyakit kanser. Antara sebab yang boleh mengakibatkan muntah dan loya adalah seperti: Peringkat …

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Antidiarrheal

What is antidiarrheoal drug? Antidiarrheal drugs are medications used to treat Diarrhea which is condition where you have loose, watery stools more than three times a day. Diarrhea can have many causes, which may be infectious or non-infectious. It might be caused by bacteria, viruses or parasites, certain medicines, food …

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Ginkgo Biloba

Apa Itu Ginkgo Biloba? Ginkgo Biloba adalah antara salah satu spesis pokok yang tertua di dunia. Ekstrak daun Gingko biloba sering digunakan bagi tujuan rawatan., Secara tradisional ,Ginkgo digunakan dalam rawatan sebagai supplemen bagi membantu meningkatkan peredaran darah dan meningkatkan daya ingatan. Bagaimana Ginkgo Bertindak Dalam Badan? Para saintis menemui …

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Ginkgo Biloba

What is Ginkgo Biloba? Ginkgo Biloba is one of the oldest tree species in the world. Ginkgo biloba leaf extract is usually used for treatment purpose. Traditionally, ginkgo is used as a supplement to help improve blood flow and memory. How Ginkgo Acts in the Body? Scientist had found 40 …

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St. John’s Wort

Pengenalan St John’s Wort merupakan herba yang diesktrak daripada bunga dan daun sejenis pokok renek yang mempunyai bunga berwarna kuning. St John’s Wort sebenarnya berasal dari Eropah.Walau bagaimanapun, St John’s Wort kini banyak ditemui di Australia sebagai tanaman yang menghasilkan 20 peratus daripada bekalan dunia. Penggunaan St John’s Wort bermula …

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