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Ultrasound imaging

Introduction In medicine, imaging refers to the method used to view internal organs or structures within the body. There are several modalities used for imaging such as X-ray, CT Scan (computed tomography), MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) and ultrasound machines. Ultrasound was first applied to the human body for medical purposes …

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F18-FDG in Positron Emission Tomography

Introduction Figure 1: PET-CT machine (Source: http://www.radiology-equipment.com/Detail.CFM?LineItemID=1638) PET (Positron Emission Tomography) is an art imaging techniques used in the detection of metabolically active organ or tissues inside body. The concept of emission and transmission tomography was introduced by David E. Kuhl, Luke Chapman and Roy Edwards in the late 1950s. …

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Pregnancy and radiation exposure

Introduction The following article provides public with background information pertaining to reproductive risks of radiation exposures to women who are pregnant and have questions about the risk of birth defects and miscarriage. As general rule, the sensitivity of a tissue to radiation is directly proportional to its rate of proliferation. …

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Side Effects Of Medicines >> Stomach Discomfort & Heartburn

Introduction All types of medicines including prescription, over-the-counter and complementary medicines such as herbal preparations and vitamins carry a risk of unwanted side effects. The most commonly occurring side effects are related to the digestive system. Examples of side effects related to the digestive system are stomach discomfort or indigestion …

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Dukung Anak

Dukung Anak or scientifically known as Phyllanthus, is a medicinal herbal plant that have tremendous number of species varieties. P. amarus, P. niruri, P. urinaria and P. debilis are among the common varieties that can be found at tropical climate regions such as Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, China and North America. …

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Gamat

Introduction Gamat, also known as TimunLaut or Sea Cucumber, is asea animal from the class of Holothurioidea. There are many species of Gamat, such as Stichopus variegatus, Holothuria atra and Thelenota ananas. Gamat is a soft body invertebrate. Its cylindrical shape is similar to the cucumber, thus it is called …

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Hydroquinone in Cosmetic Preparation

Hydroquninone in cosmetic product is only allowed to be used in the preparation of artificial nails systems and restricted to professional use only. Hydroquinone or mixture with p-hydroxyanisole is functioned as a stabiliser in the preparation of artificial nails systems at maximum concentration of 0.02% after mixing. The use of such products containing hydroquinone should be avoided on the exposed skin and the warning should be clearly stated on the label.

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