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Amira Kamarudin

Exercise and Osteoporosis

Introduction Osteoporosis results from reduced bone mass and disruption of the micro-architecture of bone, giving decreased bone strength and increased risk of fracture, particularly of the spine, hip, wrist, humerus, and pelvis. The risk of fractures increases steeply with age and most of those affected are over 75. Osteoporosis occurs …

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Oocyte Identification (OI)

Introduction Oocyte identification is the process of identification oocyte during oocyte retrieval from the ovarian follicles. Oocyte retrieval is a technique used in in vitro fertilization in order to look for, and pick up oocyte-cumulus complexes (COC) from the follicles of the ovaries, enabling fertilization outside the oocyte retrieval based …

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What is Scoliosis Scoliosis is a medical condition of the spine whereby the spine of an individual curves to the right or left. It is not a systemic disease. The word scoliosis is a Greek word which means crooked.  The spinal vertebrae will not only curve to the sides but …

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Alert Organisms

Introduction / Definition Alert organisms / condition is one of a specified list of microorganisms / infections, which on identification should be referred to the IPC Lead (Infection & Prevention Committee) to: Investigate possible healthcare associated infection Address possible ongoing transmission risks by advising on control measures Investigate as an …

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Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

Introduction What is HPV? HPV is short for human papillomavirus. There are many different types of HPV and of course, there are more than 100, in fact probably more than 200, HPV types out there. HPV is a different virus than HIV and HSV (herpes). The other thing we should …

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