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Abnormal Puberty

Definition
Precocious(Early Puberty)
Delayed Puberty
  • Sexual development before the age of 8 years in girls and 9 years in boys
  • Sexual developments do not appear by age 13 years for girls and 14 years for boys
Causes
  • Brain disorders e.g.tumors, previous brain disease
  • Hereditary (runs in the family)
  • Chromosome (genetic) abnormality
  • Chronic illness e.g. kidney, liver, blood, diseases
Signs and Symptoms
Girls:

  • Early breast development before 8 years of age
  • Early growth of hair: underarm and pubic area
  • Early onset of menstrual periods
Girls:

  • Lack of breast development by 13 years of age
  • More than 5 years between breast growth and menstrual period
  • Lack of pubic hair by 14 years
  • Failure to have menses by 16 years
Boys:

  • Early enlargement of penis and testes
  • Early growth of hair: underarm, pubic region, moustache and beard
  • Early voice changes: deepened and hoarse
Boys:

  • Lack of testicular enlargement by 14 years
  • Lack of pubic hair by 15 years
  • More than 5 years to complete genital enlargement

 

Diagnosis

What can my doctor do?

Your doctor will take a detailed history from you and/or your parents. Physical examination will be carried out. Investigations will be done such as blood test, X-rays and other necessary investigations to look for possible causes.

 

Treatment

How can these changes be stopped?

There are 2 possible options:

  • Treat the underlying condition (such as an ovarian or brain tumor)
  • Hormonal therapy to treat any hormonal imbalance

 

How can I catch up with my friends?

Specific hormonal treatment for delayed puberty will be determined by your doctor based on:

  • Your age, overall health and medical history
  • Extent of the condition
  • Your opinion or preference

 

Outcome

Outcome is good with early detection and treatment.  

Last reviewed : 27 April 2012
Content Writer : Dr. Siti Aishah bt. Saidin
    Dr. Sanidah bt. Mohd. Ali
Reviewer : Datin Dr. Sheila Marimuthu