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Medication Therapy Adherence Clinic Services in MOH

Introduction

Medication Therapy Adherence Clinic or MTAC is an ambulatory care services provided by trained pharmacists to patients in hospitals or health clinics.

The main objective of this service is to:

  • Improve patient understanding of medicines taken by the patient
  • Improve patient adherence to medication

Types of MTAC

MTAC services being offered to patients who requires more detailed information and guidance related to medications to control the disease and achieve the individually set targets. For example, in general, HbA1c for people with diabetes is less than 7%.

As of December 2013, there are 13 types of MTAC recognized by the Pharmaceutical Services Division, Ministry of Health Malaysia. The 13 types of MTAC is diabetes mellitus, respiratory, warfarin, hemophilia, stroke, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, psychiatric, geriatric, retroviral disease, renal transplantation, chronic kidney disease and dialysis.

MTAC service comprises of few sessions of visits. Generally, patients will undergo at least 4 sessions of MTAC to ensure the effectiveness of these services.

Patients will be monitored and counseled on specific modules that have been set according to the type of MTAC and customized according to each patient’s needs.

First session:

  • Pharmacists will interview patients about the disease and their treatment history.
  • Patient will also be assessed on general knowledge about the disease and the patient’s medication. This will allow pharmacist to identify the problems faced by the patient and components that need to be addressed during the next MTAC session.

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The second session onwards:

  • Provide a general description of the disease, a detailed description of prescribed medications, the importance of adhere and understanding of medication they taking to control the disease.
  • Discussions on lab test results and how the targets to can be achieved.
  • Patients will also be assisted on the appropriate method to help them take the prescribed medications. This is also an important element in ensuring that medications are taken continuously.
  • Medication related issues will also be identified; for example, the side effects of medication or medication incompatibilities. Once a problem is identified, the pharmacist will discuss with the doctor. This allows appropriate action to be taken (such as the dose modification, change of medication and so on) to avoid the problem persisted.

Once patients understand their disease and medications, adherence to medications will be easier.

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How do I get this service?

For the record, these services are provided at no extra charge. Almost all health clinics and hospitals in the Ministry of Health offers MTAC diabetes mellitus. While for other MTAC, it will be offered based on the specialty at of the facility. Patients need to enquire the pharmacist at the facility to find out about the MTAC services offered.

Each MTAC has pre-determined patient selection criteria. For example, criteria for MTAC Diabetes patients are:

  • Patients with HbA1c readings more than 8%
  • Patients who have problems with adherence to medication
  • Patients who have problems with medications
  • Patients who suffer from complications of the disease

Doctor or other health personnel can refer patients to MTAC services based on established criteria.

Last Reviewed : 24 October 2016
Writer/Translator : Nik Nuradlina bt. Nik Adnan
Accreditor : Noraini bt. Mohamad